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The Decline Of The Industry Continued
After Nationalisation 1947

1977 1978
1981 1982 1983

1980 Pages   1     2     3     4     5     6     7     8     9     10     11  

1980 - Page 6

(Teversal Colliery Closed After 111 Years - Continued)

Seams worked at Teversal were Top Hard around 5 feet to 5 feet 6 inches (1.5m to 1.68m) thick 1869-Apr 1948, seam exhausted, Dunsil varied between 2 feet (0.60 m) and 4 feet (1.22m) 1871-1873, 1918-1919, 1921-1922 proving, 1924 - June 28, 1935/36 - Aug 1968 a total of 37 panels, plus several exploratory heads, all handfilled, as the seam varied too much in thickness to be mechanised, the intergrown dirt at the base of the seam being variable thickness and of no commercial value and also in parts, top coal had to be left to form a good safe roof, due to potholes 2 or 3 yards (1.8 or 2.5m) that created treacherous roof conditions, the edges of which being called slickensides (a very shiny slippy surface with no adhesion power at all). As seen in the photo access to the face under the lip was extremely tight. Severe weighting was experienced when Dunsil faces were approaching Top Hard pillar edges 30 yards (27.5m) above and we used to notify the Manager and Undermanager in advance so that extra timber / supplies could be available. Similarly Waterloo workings under Dunsil pillar edges at 10 yards (9m) above and sometimes the Waterloo faces were affected by Top Hard workings 40 yards (37m) above. Reference is made later to water from Top Hard old workings.

Squaring the panel sometimes gave weighting and crashing and banging when the first weight break happened. Squaring is where the panel has advanced the same distance approximately as the length of the face. Of course there were others as the panels advanced and it certainly made you jump if you were nearby. I experienced a big one in the Dunsil seam but I cannot remember which face but it was either 50s or 60s. One minute you could see quite a way down the gobbing between the packs and next minute a frightening bang and shuddering and clouds of dust and the gobbing seemed to be filled with stone. All the colliers on the face were watching the props for any sign of movement and getting ready to run or crawl away smartish as it was possible that props could fly out with the extra weight being thrust onto the face line. With total caving on the modern machine faces it was probably worse.

Sometimes the potholes in the Dunsil seam roof above the coal although generally a couple of yards (2m) long some were up to 10 yards (9m) across or more and could extend over 3 stints. Washout conditions prevailed also in several areas. But of course successive managers were most reluctant to leave top coals up and every effort was made to take it down as soon as possible when conditions improved slightly as it meant extra tonnage. The last Dunsil face 150s with a face gradient of about 1in4 on the Brimington anticline finished on 27th August 1968. And the seam was abandoned in 1969 albeit that quite a few roadways were used as access to the 1st Waterloo seam workings. This was stated and accepted by the HMI providing no further Dunsil coal was extracted.

Some Top Hard Panel numbers: (refer to some others mentioned previously in 1916 and 1918). North Level (finished 1887) leading to Hardwick Dips (about 2 miles inbye)

North dips

South Level leading to the Far end, just over 2 miles inbye (to 1930) South Dips (2¼ miles in), Skegby Dips, leading to 123s, 5s (to 1932), 34s, 105s, 72s, 74s dip, 2s, 21s level, 53s off Skegby Dips (to 1936) 2¼ miles inbye (had a main and tail haulage system on 1in7 grade)
66s Jazz to right (to 1930), with Brimington anticline, leading to 68s (1930s), 79s (to 1933) 2½ miles inbye

40s Main Road to right (very steep at 1in4 to 1940) leading to 4s (finished 1942) about 2½ miles inbye
112s Main Road (1928 -1944) leading to 17s (finished 1940-41)
17s (finished 1943) about 3 miles inbye
70s (fininished 1946)

Last panel 114s to left at bottom end, just under 3 miles inbye from pit bottom (finished Apr 1948, abandonment of seam). A roadway was driven in Top Hard from Nov 1960 – July 1964 and a few tons were extracted whilst straightening out an old return roadway to prepare for a new pit bottom at No2 Shonkey shaft. An amendment on the Top Hard abandonment plan was made and duly signed by Bernard Bailey (2728), Surveyor and countersigned by the Manager George Noble (5852).

Dunsil Panel numbers: drift from North Top Hard Level 1921-1922, seam exposed but no coal worked

  • 125s stalls South side 1923-1927
  • 144s stalls North side drifts off Top Hard Hardwick Dips 1923-1927 stripped washout and abandoned after only a few yards (metres) advance
  • 68s 158½ yards (145m) face, advance 520 yards (475m) dev 1935-1936-1939, washout
  • 68s 150 yards (137m) face line, advance 460 yards (420m) -1941)
  • 32s North side200 yards (183m) to 120 yards (110m) face line, -1941)
  • 33s face 230 yards (210m) to 130 yards (120m), advance 360 yards (330m) -1941, stripped washout)
  • 11s North side (170 yards (155m) face, advance 1,050 yards (960m) -1944 reached planned limit)
  • 60s North side (-1948, stripped washout to left hand side, shortened down and changed Loader gate from one gate to another 210 yards (192m) to 130 yards (119m) face, advance 1,920 yards (1,755m), reached No2 / No1 Area boundary
  • 10s North side (340 yards (310m) face, advance 1,860 yards (1,700m) -1951, reached No1 / No4 Area boundary)
    new drifts at 1in6 and 1in3 were driven to access seam June 1941-Apr 1942, from the Top Hard South Level, however the coal was in a swilley and because the tubs would not run properly, roof ripping into rock was dropped into the floor to the extent of 15 feet (4.5m) to level the road out, some of the roof and sides being unsupported and opened
  • 70s face Apr 1943 South side (90 yards (82m) to 220 yards (201m) face, advance 860 yards (786m), 1943-Aug 1945, reached Sutton boundary (NH and B Co) ¾ mile inbye

General Support Rules For The Seam Are Shown In The Diagram

  • 80s North side (300 yards (275m) to 180 yards (165m) face, advance 650 yards (595m) -1947)
  • 30s North side (-1952), 20s North side (280 yards (256m) to 130 yards (119m) face, advance 1,500 yards (1,370m) -1955, stopped due to Rowthorne tunnel pillar)
  • 80s South side (140 yards (128m) face, advance 300 yards (275m) 1950-1953, training face, stopped to protect North side manrider in front)
  • 50s South side (110 yards (100m) face, advance 900 yards (823m) Mar 1945-1949)
  • 40s South side (360 yards (329m) face, advance 800 yards (730m) -1951, washout
  • 10s North side (170 yards (155m) to 80 yards (73m) face, advance 620 yards (567m) -1954, thin coal)
  • 95s South side (110 yards (100m) face, advance 300 yards (275m) -1946)
  • 90s South side (110 yards (100m) face, 900 yards (823m) -1947, reached planned limit)
  • 70s South side (140 yards (128m) face, advance 2,860 yards (2,615m) -1953, finished due to faults)
  • 50s South side (200 yards (183m) to 330 yards (300m) to 200 yards (183m) face, advance 3,660 yards (3,347m) -1959, reached economic limit)
  • 40s North side (200 yards (183m) face, advance 1,950 yards (1,783m) -1957, fault at D Gate end)
  • 60s South side (140 yards (128m) to 310 yards (283m) to 260 yards (238m) face, advance 3,020 yards (2,760m) -1960, now a need to support sides of roadways to comply with new Regulations, uneconomic)
  • 90s South side (290 yards (265m), advance 660 yards (603m) -1957, finished due to washout)
  • 100s South side (280 yards (256m) face, advance 800 yards (730m) -1960)
  • 30s South side the third face head created the (200 yards (183m) face, the previous two face heads were abandoned having run into the washout, airdox firing, advance 1,700 yards (1,555m) -1964)
  • 70s North side ( 270 yards (247m) face, advance 980 yards (896m) -1958)
  • 80s North side (-1958, fault)
  • 10s South side (110 yards (100m) face, advance 300 yards (275m)-1959)
  • 20s South side (220 yards (200m) to 200 yards (183m) to 160 yards (146m), advance 490 yards (450m)-1966, swilley)
  • 10s South side (130 yards (120m) to 330 yards (300m) to 140 yards (128m) face, advance 1,130 yards swilley start May 1965, (1,035m) -1966, and limit)
  • 15s South side (160 yards (146m) to 250 yards (229m) face, 3 gates, advance 50 yards (45m)-1966, training face, water infusion firing, very slow advance, uneconomic)
  • 120s South side (90 yards (82m) to 160 yards (146m) to 50 yards (45m) face, advance 530 yards (485m)-1958, washout)
  • 120s South side (260 yards (238m) face, advance 1,220 yards (1,115m) -1963)
  • 110s South side (- Apr 1961, fault)
  • 150s South side (170 yards (155m) face length at 1in4 grade Tail gate to Loader gate, advance 770 yards (705m) from 130s heads – 16th Aug 1968, policy change from handfilling to mechanised faces.
  • A planned further face, 140s to go in the opposite direction to 150s was scrapped. The seam was abandoned in July 1969.