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Calendar
1990 2000 2010 2015
BobRobert Bradley
Retired Surveyor



Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire And Leicestershire

A comprehensive history of mining in the Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire
and Leicestershire Coalfields
in chronological order

Pre 1600

1600s

1700s

1800s

1850s

1860s

1870s

1880s

1890s

1900s

1910s

1920s

1930s

1940s

1950s

1960s

  • 1960, 1 Jan - The Mines (Notification of Dangerous Occurrences) Order 1959 came into force
  • 1960 - The last Coaling Plant for British Rail Locomotives built at Mexborough (demolished in 1965)
  • 1960, 1 Aug - Compulsory Retirement of All Men Over 65 Years of Age
  • 1961, 1 Jan - Equal Pay for Women Clerical Workers doing a similar job to men
  • 1962 - Civil Defence in the Cold War period people trained in the event of Nuclear War, 4 minute warning
  • 1962 - Revolutionary system of mining called ROLF – Remote Operation of Longwall Face introduced at Newstead and Ormonde Collieries. In that same year Mobile TV units visited collieries showing safety films also Surface Deployment Centres were introduced
  • 1962 - Inter-Coalfield Transfer Scheme began where miners, mainly from the north, were attracted to the long life collieries of the Midlands
  • 1963 - The Beeching Report on Railways which also had a negative impact on mining
  • 1963 - National Coal Board or NCB changed its’ financial year to ending 31 March
  • 1963 - First computer for wages operational at Berry Hill, Mansfield, Nottinghamshire - Also the first Rapid Loading Bunker in the country with Merry-Go-Round trains operational at Langwith, Derbyshire
  • 1963 - Last Pit in North West Derbyshire Closed
  • 1964, 1 May - Rest Day agreement inaugurated where miners could arrange to have a total of 7 days off throughout the year additional to normal pit holidays
  • 1965 - Mechanics and Electricians Regulations 1965 came into force and Planned Preventative Maintenance (PPM) set up
  • 1966 - National Power Loader Agreement
  • 1966, 21 Oct - Aberfan Disaster, where the spoil heap/tip suddenly collapsed and engulfed a school
  • 1967, 1 Apr - NCB Reorganisation. Colliery Codes introduced
  • 1967 - Bevercotes Colliery, first pit to have complete and integrated system of automatic control. Introduction of so called "Continental Shifts"
  • 1968 – The Clean Air Act was passed
  • 1969, 1 Sep - School Leaving Age raised to 16. In 1899 the leaving age was increased to 13. In 1918 it was raised to 14 and in 1945 it was increased to 15
  • 1969/70 - Self-Rescuers introduced

1970s

  • 1970, 7 May - 7 Day Coaling Agreement Terminated at Bevercotes
  • 1971 - Coal Industry Act 1971
  • 1971, 15 Feb - Decimal Currency introduced
  • 1971 - Industrial Relations Act 1971
  • 1972, 9 Jan - 28 Feb - First National Strike by Miners since 1926
  • 1972, Feb - 3 Day Working Week
  • 1973, 21 Mar - Lofthouse, Disastrous Inrush of Water, 7 Killed
  • 1973, 30 Jul - Markham Colliery Winding Accident, 18 Killed
  • 1974, 11 Feb - 11 Mar - Further National Strike
  • 1974 - Colliery Review Procedure introduced
  • 1974/75 - Bagworth Colliery, Leicestershire, entered into the Guiness Book of Records
  • 1975 - Health And Safety At Work Act 1974 Came into Force
  • 1975 - Coal Industry Act
  • 1976, 1 May - Metrication Day
  • 1976, 1 Aug - Sale of NCB houses to sitting tenants
  • 1977/78 - National Safety Year
  • 1978 - Mines Rescue Men on Strike
  • 1978, 1 May - May Day Holiday,1st Time For All
  • 1979 - Free Working Clothes Introduced For All Workers
  • 1979, 1 Aug - Early Retirement for Miners, Down to 60 yrs

1980s

  • 1980 - Winter of Discontent
  • 1980, Jan - Bathing Allowance Introduced
  • 1980 - Short Distance Transfer Payments, not involving moving house
  • 1982 - Circular Tunnelling Machine Trials at Cadley Hill
  • 1983 - Linby, last pit in Nottinghamshire to Convert From Steam Winding To Electric
  • 1983 - Monopolies and Mergers Commission Report showed over-production at pits
  • 1983 - Overhead Electric Trolley Loco Introduced Underground at Gedling Colliery, Nottinghamshire
  • 1984 - Strike in Yorkshire From 3rd March - Lasted 12 months (Nottinghamshire and Leicestershire miners carried on working)
  • 1985 - Union of Democratic Miners set up in oppostion to National Union of Mine Workers (NUM) over the strike
  • 1986 - Colliery Newspapers produced on regular basis
  • 1986, 1 May - National Coal Board (NCB) Name Changed to British Coal Corporation
  • 1987 - Newstead Closed After 113 years
  • 1988, Jan - Feb - NACODs (Colliery Under Officials) Overtime Ban in Support of Wage Claim
  • 1988-89 - Privatisation of Electricity
  • 1988 - Control of Substances in Hazardous to Health Regulations 1988
  • 1988 - Mines (Safety of Exit) Regulations 1988
  • 1989 - British Coal Restructured
  • 1989 - Last Deep Mine to be Sunk was Asfordby, North West Leicestershire

1990s

  • 1990, 1 Jan - Noise Regulations came into force
  • 1994, Sept - The Coal Authority was inaugurated, based in Mansfield
  • 1994 - The National Coal Board was wound up
  • 1995, 1 Jan - RJB Mining took over most of the English Coal Mines when British Coal Board (NCB) finished
  • 1996, Feb - Canaries made redundant and hand held detectors for Carbon Monoxide gas introduced
  • 1997, 31 Dec - British Coal wound up when the Department of Trade and Industry took over
  • 1998 - Working time regulations changed to allow longer shift times
  • 1998 - The last 2 pit ponies in Britain, working underground in South Wales, were retired, bringing to an end an era of pit pony work that had been going on for centuries
  • 1999 - The Coal Fields Regeneration Trust was set up to help former Mining Areas

2000

  • 2000, Sherwood Energy Village, on the site of the old Ollerton Colliery, that had closed in 1994. The project, that was the only one of it's kind in Europe, was designed to create a sustainable development of Housing, Industry and Park Land, self sufficient in energy, water and sewage needs
  • 2001, 25 May - RJB Mining name changed to UK Coal Ltd
  • 2002, Jan - The law changed to allow women to work underground again, since the Act of 1842 forbidding women and girls underground, when an Australian woman was set on Rock-bolting duties
  • 2002 - The Mines Rescue Service began to diversify giving help to other companies as well as the remaining mines, becoming Rescue Service
  • 2003 - The process of computerising all old Mine Plans was begun at the Coal Authority Records Office
  • 2004, 27 Mar - The British Coal Corporation was disolved under the Coal Industry Act of that year
  • 2005 - Kyoto Global Warming Pact took effect in February requiring the reduction of Greenhouse Gases by 140 Nations, including the UK but excluding USA
  • 2006 Apr 6 - The Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005 came into force
  • 2009 - The First Female Apprentice set on as an Underground Electrician
  • 2013, 8 Jul - UK Coal went into Administration
  • 2015, Jul - End of Deep Mining in Nottinghamshire, with the closure of Thoresby Colliery.
  • 2016, Dec - End of All Deep Mining in Britain when Kellingley, in Yorkshire, closed