A Surveyor named George Sanderson surveyed an area 20 miles radius around Mansfield from 1830-1835 and published a very detailed map in 1835 part of which is shown. All known pits closed or open at the time and other features
such as toll bars, railways etc were shown on the plan and are listed below it.
- Alfreton, 2 pits at and Carnfield colliery, and 3 railways, one to the Canal basin, one to Sleights colliery one to Normanton Common.
- Toll Bar (TB) at Normanton Common.
- Apperknowle pit.
- Aspley Hall, pit.
- Awsworth 2 Engines.
- Babbington, several pits.
- Balloon Houses pit.
- Barlborough Common, colliery South East of Barlborough.
- Pit to North East of Bole Hill.
- Cottam colliery, Engine near Barlborough.
- Toll Bar to East of Southgate House, Anston Road junction.
- Barlow, 2 pits and Engine South of Barlow.
- Beauvale pit near Eastwood.
- Beeley Moor, a pit on Highland Edge at East Moor working (and a cluster of 10 shafts to coal).
- Cupola situated at Stanedge.
- Beighton, Engine and pit at Hollin’s Hall.
- 2 pits at Hollin’s End Road.
- 2 pits North of Main Road Mosborough to Sheffield, North of Birley.
- Toll Bar near to Gleadless.
- Belper pit, Mount Pleasant.
- Shire Oaks at White Green.
- 2 pits at Sleight Moor and an Engine South of these.
- Colliery to West of Green Hill and a pit to the East.
- Shipley colliery, coal wharf.
- pit to South of Shipley Hall, coal by railway to wharf.
- Smalley, pit to North East of village.
- Smalley Common.
- Another South South West of Heanor.
- South Normanton, a pit near to Carr Lane.
- Pit at Hill Top.
- Stanton 2 pits.
- 1 pit Staunton Harold.
- At Staveley, a Pit and Engine at Handley Woodhouse.
- Pit and Engine at Norbridge and 2 pits to East.
- Pits to North of Middle Handley in Light Wood.
- Engine West of Duckmanton and Adelphi Ironworks pit (there were 4 earlier shafts).
- Strelley Park colliery.
- Stretton, Engine pit.
- Sutton Scarsdale 4 pits, one at High House to North West and to West.
- Swadlincote colliery, South Derbyshire.
- Swanwick Green pit.
- Tibshelf, 2 pits, one being New Dunsil pit.
- Troway pit.
- Tupton pit.
- Walton 2 pits.
- Watnall, pit at Watnall Cantalupe, South of Watnall Hall.
- West Hallam Flint pit to North and pits at Simon’s Field and North East at Moorbridge Lane.
- Whittington pit North of Chesterfield.
Unfortunately most of the colliery names were not stated, only the positions, whereas Twigg’s plan of 1835 denoted the following pits in the Denby area:-
- Blind Foundation.
- Brook pit.
- Engine pit sunk 146 yards (1orth33m) on fault.
- Mount Pleasant.
- Old Alder.
- Old Brook.
- Rough Close.
- 2 pits sunk to Minge coal at 42 yards (38m).
- Old Stonehouse.
- Bye pit and Engine pit.
- Hell Croft.
- One Rope pit was 70 yards (64m) deep to the Soft coal.
- Quon pit was 6 yards (5.5m) to Hard coal.
- Robey Field.
- Wagtail 130 yards (119m) to Hard coal.
There was another Wagtail pit at Denby Common and also a Whymsey pit; Yew Tree pits mentioned also. On another 1835 edition map O.S. a copper mine is shown at Stapleford Hill, Bramcote Moor. To the North of this is a coal wharf for land sale at Balloon Houses near to the Workhouse. A Coal pit and Trowell Moor Colliery further North and East.
A tramway from these pits leads to Engine Pit Colliery beside the Nottingham Canal at Bramcote Moor.
John Thomas Woodhouse
John Thomas Woodhouse was appointed Mining Agent to Moira Co following the death of Edward Mammott. When his partner JA Twigg died he formed a partnership with TW Jeffcock.
Gunpowder Used For Blasting
Gunpowder began to be used at the coalface for blasting down the coal. The colliers bought and made up their own charges. Squibs of straw filled with powder were used as fuses and many accidents occurred in the succeeding years most probably due to the fact that each squib being made individually by a miner was different and had a shorter or longer burning time from each other.
It would appear from records that many men were injured during shotfiring and many had probably gone back to a shot hole after waiting a while to see if the fuse had gone out and were caught in the blast as it exploded. Clay was used to seal the shot holes.
Fatal Accidents 1835
- Brinsley (Barber and Walker), on the Friday morning a small piece of coal fell off a corve being raised up the shaft and hit a corve in the pit bottom and rebounded hitting Joseph Lea (29) on his lower body. A surgeon attended him at home but he died next day from his injuries, 8 Jul 1835.
- Eastwood colliery (Dr Manson), at 8am the deceased Benjamin Rice (29) was hanging corves of Soft coals (Deep Soft) onto the chain to raise them up the shaft. He was in the action of dragging a box of bind to the shaft side and he had a leather belt around his waist and a chain was hooked to his belt at one end and to the box at the other end. He was pulling the box when the hook slipped and he fell over the scaffold down the shaft some 15 yards (14m) to the Hard coal (Deep Hard) pit bottom 122 yards (112m) deep from the surface. He was taken to the surface alive and was examined by Mr Smith a surgeon who bled him in the arm and gave him some brandy and advised that he be taken to the Infirmary at Nottingham. Some of his workmates got a cart and filled it with straw and blankets for him to lie on and they set off for Nottingham but before they had passed through the Parish of Eastwood he had expired, about 2 hours after he had fallen, 20 Jul 1835.
- Wollaton (Lord Middleton), William Deakin (6½) who worked under his father at the pit. On the Friday evening his father was about to take him down the shaft when an older boy suggested that he swarm down the chains with the lad on his shoulders. Though reproved he did so but they fell down the shaft that was only 15 yards (13.7m) deep. They did not appear to be hurt and walked home, however the boy complained of severe pains in his belly and on the Saturday morning died, 7 Aug 1835.
- Eastwood (Dr Manson), Joseph Fletcher (between 11 and 12) along with some other boys was riding on the capstan at the pit. The capstan was used to down the rope into the pit. As the rope descended the weight of the rope increased the speed of which the capstan revolved and the boy was flung off against a post that was part of the capstan and before he reached the the ground an arm of the capstan struck him in the back of the shoulder and threw him 5 or 6 yards (4½ or 5m). He hurt his back and broke his leg and was found to be dead. The other boys on the capstan were unhurt. The Overseer had warned them previously to go off and that they could get killed. A verdict of accidental death was recorded by the Coroner C Swann and a deodand of 1s shilling (5p) upon the capstan. A deodand is a thing forfeited to God, specifically in law, an object or instrument which becomes forfeit because it has caused a person’s death.