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The Continued Rise Of The Industry
To 1913



Parliament And Unions

A Liberal Government lasted from 1906 until midway through 1915.

Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman was PM until 1908, being succeeded by Herbert Asquith until 1915.

James Haslam of the Derbyshire Miners Association was elected MP for Chesterfield.

James Martin replaced Fred Bonsall who had been the first Vice President of the Derbyshire Miners Association.

Barnet Kenyon was elected Assistant Secretary and Frank Hall Vice President 1906-1907 succeeded Henry Jarvis as Treasurer.

James Haslam MP, JP was Secretary and James Martin was elected President and William Sewell was elected Vice President of the Derbyshire Miners Association 1907-1918. Frank Hall was General Secretary until 1928.

John George Hancock was Secretary for the Nottinghamshire Miners Association.

Tom Gowdridge was for Coalville and District MinersAssociation, Leicestershire.

William Buckley for South Derbyshire Miners Association.

Record Output

In February 1906 a weekly record output of 19,184 tons was achieved at Creswell (Bolsover Colliery Co), with 3,836 tons for the day. 1,500 hand-held electric lamps were in use underground at the mine.

Name Changes

The Butterley Iron & Coal Co changed its name to the Butterley Co Ltd. Stanton Iron Co changed to Stanton Iron Works Co. Marsh Lane changed hands from Chandler and Hudson to Noah Chandler. Wingfield Manor (Wingfield Manor Colliery Co) was previously called South Wingfield (South Wingfield Colliery Co).

Royal Commission on Health and Safety of Miners

A Royal Commission was set up to look into the health and safety of miners and also recommended that plans of mines be made or supervised by a Surveyor who had obtained a Certificate of Competency.

Minimum Age of Managers

They also recommended that the minimum age for a Manager of a mine be 25.

Strike At Newstead

At Newstead (Newstead Colliery Co) (Nottinghamshire), there was a strike lasting 2 months starting in May 1906, over the refusal of some men to pay union subscriptions. A mass meeting was held at which the miners decided to hold out against the employment of non-union men. It was also announced that retired members would be paid between 5s (25p) and 7s 6d (37½p) a week pension in order to make the last years of a miner as comfortable as possible.

2 Checkweighmen

At Oxcroft (Oxcroft Colliery Co) (Derbyshire) there were 2 checkweighmen sitting in the same box doing the job of one. Each claimed to be the rightful occupant. An attempt was made by the Butties to remove the original checkweighman.


AG McTurk was appointed Mechanical Engineer for Eastwood collieries (Barber Walker and Co) in February and arranged for a new screening plant at Selston, however the structure was of wood, the main columns being pitchpine 12” (0. 35m) square on cast iron feet, and was possibly only temporary. The pit top was re-arranged to accept the loading and discharging of 2 decks simultaneously. An Electrical Engineer, LGF Routledge was appointed later in August 1907 as Mr Fryar was intent on electrifying all the collieries at that time and doing away with the now obsolete steam driven haulages etc.

Complaints Resolved

At New Hucknall a number of complaints from the men were satisfactorily resolved in October. There was an increase of 6d (2½p) for carters and night men secured a new price-list.

Coal Tax

From 1st November 1906 Coal Tax was abolished.

Permitted Explosives

Following the Explosives in Coal Mines Order, 1906 safe ‘permitted’ explosives were introduced into the mines. However many miners continued to use the old black powder and still made up their own charges and squibs at home.

Horse Drawn Ambulance

A horse drawn ambulance was purchased for Langton colliery for £65 in November 1906 and was paid for out of the Mens Field Club accounts.

Horses And Ponies

Referring to horses and ponies: Rankine stated - ‘a horse should be put down the pit at 5 to 7 years of age, never under 3, and should travel 14 to 16 miles a day in a fairly level mine at a walking pace, pulling full and empty trams and last about 7 years. One horsekeeper required for 12 horses or 16 ponies. A rule of thumb: For feeding purposes, 2 ponies under 12 hands equals one horse.

From 12 hands and up to 14 hands one inch, 3 ponies equals 2 horses, and above 14 hands one inch, all are regarded as horses. The quantity of food to be regulated by the amount of work done, but about 100 lb of mixed corn, crushed and mixed with about 56 lb of chopped hay would be a week’s provender for each horse. The mix being oats, a bushel not weighing less than 42 lb, barley 56lb, maize 60 lb, beans or peas 63 lb per bushel’.

Of course all pits were different and the amount of work done by the animals according to the gradient of the seam also varied tremendously.

Horse stalls should be 9ft x 6ft x 6ft 6in, (2. 74 x 1. 83 x 1. 98m). Pony stalls 9ft x 5ft 6in x 6ft (2. 74 x 1. 68m x 1. 83m) and the total length from wall to wall, including a drain and tramway should be 16ft (4. 88m).

Collieries Sunk or Opened in 1906

  • Calow Oaks (Calow Oaks Colliery Co) Kilburn.
  • High Green (Stephen Tissington) opening.
  • Kilburn (W Drury-Lowe) sinking.
  • Manton Main The Wigan Coal Co opened at Worksop 1897/1906, E460718, N378228.
  • Mickley (Mickley Coal Co).
  • Ramshaw (ED Fawcett Esq) Ashgate, shaft 14 yards 2 feet (13. 5m).
  • Wingfield Manor (Wingfield Manor Colliery Co) previously known as South Wingfield was re-opened.
  • Worthington (Sutton and Co) Ashby, Nether Lount, Middle Lount and Roaster, 46, 30 and 30 s/f,
    Manager CF Jackson (957), Undermanager A West (4391/2nd). Kilburne colliery deepening completed to Alton, however the project was abandoned when the seam proved to be unsuitable for coking and the headgear was dismantled in the New Year and sold to Mr Ford who owned Marehay colliery. The shaft remained open for ventilation (until 1935).

Colliery Closures in 1906

  • Applebys (Appleby and Co).
  • Barlborough Applebys (Appleby and Co).
  • Birch Vale (John Bennett and Son), New Mills, 35/5, Yard seam abandoned 1 Feb 1907, Surveyor William Eagle and Sons.
  • Bole Hill (JH Fletcher) still stood.
  • Brands (Butterley Co Ltd), Deep Soft and Deep Hard, 493/113, Manager HO Bishop (1764), Undermanager
    J Henshaw (2nd) also for Britain (Butterley Co Ltd) Deep Soft abandoned 10 Nov 1906, Surveyor John Holbrook, confirmed by H Eustace Mitton Agent (8 Jul 07).
  • Burnd Edge 3 and 4 (Ollersett Collieries Ltd), Birch Vale, stood.
  • Cartwright (Alliance), South Derbyshire, Little Woodfield, other seams worked Stockens and Linton 1903, Woodfield 1890.
  • Digby (Digby Colliery Co), Deep Soft and Deep Hard finished.
  • Dronfield Main No2 (Dronfield Colliery Ltd), Silkstone, 2/1.
  • Old Finney (Finney Colliery Co) Blackshale.
  • Hornthorpes (J and G Wells Ltd), Parkgate at 96 yards (87. 75m) proving unsatisfactory, 11/1906, AL Sutcliffe Surveyor.
  • Kilburne pit, which closed in 1807, was reopened and widened and deepened in 1905, but was closed down again 3 Dec 1906 (William Drury Lowe) Coal 1’ 6” (0. 45m) to 1’ 10” (0. 55m), 148 yards (135m) below Kilburn, 2’ 8” (0. 81m) coal 217 yards (198m) below Kilburn, 18 Dec 1906 Mark Fryar (1231) Agent and Manager.
  • Moor Hole (George H Wells) Eckington, Deep Hard, Feb, Surveyor: Arthur Taylor Sutcliffe.
  • Newbold Glory (Leicestershire).
  • Plumbley (J and G Wells Ltd), Eckington, Manager Henry Burgin (398), Undermanager W Bamford.
  • Ramshaw Wood (Joseph Archer and Son), Unstone, Blackshale, 2 adits and 1 air pit.
  • Southwood (Vernon Biggin), Dronfield, Silkstone 5/2, worked out, met old hollows, adit and air pit 15 yards (13. 75m), William Deakin Wadsworth Mineral Agent and Surveyor.
  • Speedwell colliery (Staveley Coal and Iron Co ) sunk in 1869 was closed.
  • Stubley Hollow (JT Liddell and Co) Silkstone, day holes and shaft 8 yards (7m) deep, 30 Nov 1906.
    Brampton (James Pearson) Tupton Threequarters 1’ 2” (0. 53m) 31 Dec 1906, Surveyors Coke Turner and Co.
  • Worthington (formerly Staunton Harold colliery) (Sutton and Co) (Leicestershire), Middle Lount seam 85 yards (77.75m) DC, 30 Oct 1906, CJ Jackson Manager and Surveyor, unprofitable (at one point in 1898 a face was rising rapidly towards the surface).

The plan shows Butterley Hall, Brands (closed 1906), Britain and Western collieries.

Greater Supervision By Mines Inspectors

The Notice of Accidents Act 1906 gave Mines Inspectors a greater degree of supervision over the coal industry as a whole than before.

Fatal Accidents

Fatal accidents: included William Fletcher (15) Calow Main 3 May 1906.

Collieries Closed Before 1906 But Dates Unknown Or Unsure Of

  • Unstone Old
  • Dale
  • Rusk
  • Staveley Old
  • Cockaynes
  • Alder
  • Blind
  • Brick
  • Foundation Hill
  • Croft
  • One Rope
  • Wagtail
  • Whimsey
  • Deepfields
  • Chapel-en-le Frith
  • Ringinglow
  • Rycroft Glen
  • Birly Planting
  • Bellhouse
  • Daviss Boat
  • Steels
  • Victoria and Albert
  • Hallows Bookers
  • Greenside
  • Summer Hill
  • Lucas

Trowell Moor Strike

The men at Trowell Moor went on strike over a claim for an improved price-list for working with lamps and thought they ought to be extra. To me it seemed sensible that lamps could be used. Candles were dangerous and the lamps were safe. Again this seemed a blatant disregard for their own safety. They returned to work in January 1907 after securing 1d (app ½p) a ton plus current percentage obtained by an arbitrator.

Pits in Derbyshire

There were now 176 pits in Derbyshire, with 52,000 men and boys producing 16. 25 million tons.

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Pit Terminology - Glossary