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Calendar
The Decline Of The Industry Continued
After Nationalisation 1947

Bk5
Chimneys
1968
1970
1972

1970 - Page   1     2     3     4  

1970 - Page 2


Williamthorpe Colliery (North Derbyshire) 1970 - Closed After 65 Years

Collieries closed in 1970: Williamthorpe Colliery (North Derbyshire) sunk 1901-1905 by the Hardwick Colliery Co to the south of Temple Normanton and east of Heath village at Heath Common was closed on 28th March 1970 after 65 years

Highest manpower 2,767 in 1958
Highest output 1,006,079 tons
(second 1 million) in 1968-1969.

Pumping was discontinued but the shafts were kept open to monitor the anticipated rise in water level. E442740 N366608.

Seams worked:

  • Tupton - 1952 and - 1962
  • Blackshale or Silkstone - 1969
  • Deep Hard -1952 and - 1960
  • Threequarters 2’ 7” (0.79m) - Jan 1952
  • Deep Soft - 1969
  • First Waterloo access 1968, finished 29th Apr 1969, coal 2’ 0” (0.61m), dirt 2½” (0.06m), coal 2’ 0½” (0.62m), dirt 1” (0.02m), coal 3” (0.08m), clunch floor
  • Second Waterloo 3’ 0” (0.91m) - Mar 1970. At the time of sinking it was the deepest pit in the basin at 550 yards (503m). It was sunk on the site of an old colliery of the 1800s and Ling’s colliery was abandoned to dewater.

Ponies were employed underground.

Underground water collected from various sources was pumped to the surface at an average of 1,023 gallons per minute in 1990 and the total amount for the year was 537,690,000 gallons. Pumping was continued after closure to protect Silverhill as it was found that shutting off the pumps previously at closure after overflowing in the Tupton seam water was found issuing from a stopping in Silverhill Low Main (Tupton).

In 1937 40% of the 11acre shaft pillar was extracted successfully.

8cwt wooden tubs as shown were used in the 1930s prior to 1 ton steel ones being introduced following a reorganisation in 1940.
A new electric winder MB Wild was installed in 1940.
New offices were built in 1941.
A Tromp coal washing plant was used.

At one time the brick making plant was producing 5 million bricks a year. New ideas were put into operation in 1951, first was an arc shearer for headings followed by a Joy loader. The Training centre was opened in 1952 with the offices at nearby Holmewood. Horses were used underground to 1954. A Gloster getter face machine was put to work in 1955. Pithead baths were opened in 1958. There were underground connections to Holmewood and Grassmoor. Williamthorpe and Holmewood were merged under one Manager in 1967 and a record output of 5,430 tons was turned in 24 hours. A new Sirocco fan was installed. In 1969, 150 men over 60 years of age were forced into early retirement out of a manpower of 1,780. A Huwood power loader was installed. A training gallery was operational. New workshops built.

The abandonment plans for the 2nd Ell, 1st Waterloo and Deep Soft seams were countersigned by Albert Wheeler (7349) on 1st July 1970, he was then transferred and the plans for the Yard seam by John H White (8350) newly promoted as Manager on 2nd July 1970.
A view of the canteen is shown and views of the colliery before and after reorganisation.


Inrush Of Water At Williamthorpe

There was an inrush of water from old Avenue colliery when water erupted from the floor in the 2nd Piper from the Avenue workings below. The flooding hampered production for a time, whilst pumping was restored at Avenue 9 shaft.

Manpower: Hardwick Colliery Co:

  • 1901: 42 sinking, 78 s/f
  • 1902: 49 sinking, 93 s/f
  • 1903: 54 sinking, 76 s/f
  • 1904: nil / 89 s/f
  • 1905: 481 Silkstone, 135 s/f
  • 1906: 482 S, 156 s/f
  • 1907: 514 S, 156 s/f
  • 1908: 637 S, 216 s/f
  • 1909: 613 S, 211 s/f
  • 1911: No1: 235 S, 35 s/f, No2: 533 Tupton, 194 s/f
  • 1912: 260 S, 39 s/f, 517 T, 180 s/f
  • 1913: 382 T, 155 s/f, 527 (Silkstone) Blackshale, 196 s/f
  • 1914: 487 T, 157 s/f, 574 BS, 181 s/f
  • 1915: 338 T, 157 s/f, 527 S, 181 s/f
  • 1916: 319 T, 196 s/f, 546 S, 183 s/f
  • 1917: 382 T, 88 s/f, 519 S, 176 s/f
  • 1918: 395 T, 85 s/f, 478 S, 186 s/f
  • 1919: 485 T, 116 s/f, 531 S, 186 s/f
  • 1920: 539 T, 106 s/f, 574 S, 243 s/f
  • 1921: 554 T, 140 s/f, 585 S, 166 s/f
  • 1922: 600 T, 151 s/f, 618 S, 179 s/f
  • 1923: 621 T, 150 s/f, 611 BS, 179 s/f
  • 1924: 618 T, 163 s/f, 593 BS, 193 s/f
  • 1925: No1: 542 Tupton and Deep Hard, No2: 590 Blackshale, Tupton and Deep Hard, 187 s/f
  • 1926: 412 T, DH, 105 s/f, 639 BS, T, DH, 148 s/f
  • 1927: 537 T, DH, 130 s/f, 463 BS, T, DH, 202 s/f
  • 1928: 662 T, DH, 136 s/f, 485 BS, T, DH, 191 s/f
  • 1929: 674 DH only, 156 s/f, 455 BS and T, 181 s/f
  • 1930: 663 DH, 155 s/f, 408 BS, T, 170 s/f
  • 1931: 716 DH, 148 s/f, 374 BS, 153 s/f
  • 1932: 496 DH, 113 s/f, 303 BS, T, 111 s/f
  • 1933: 512 DH, 120 s/f, 352 BS, T, 112 s/f,
  • 1934: 498 DH, 117 s/f, 369 BS, T, 112 s/f
  • 1935: 349 DH, 116 s/f, 492 BS, T, 121 s/f
  • 1936: 319 DH, 131 s/f, 389 BS, T, Tupton Threequarters 131 s/f
  • 1937: 362 DH, 118 s/f, 373 BS, T, T¾s, 140 s/f
  • 1938: 324 DH, 123 s/f, 477 BS, T, T¾s, 161 s/f
  • 1939:
  • 1940: 416 DH, 159 s/f, 512 T, T¾s, 180 s/f
  • 1941: No1: 423 DH, 155 s/f, No2: 497 T, T¾s, 197 s/f
  • 1942: 945 DH, T, T¾s, 310 s/f
  • 1943: 950 DH, T, T¾s, 285 s/f
  • 1944: 938 DH, T, T¾s, 287 s/f
  • 1945: 822 DH, T, T¾s, 266 s/f
  • 1946: app 1,050 men and boys.

Output and Manpower NCB: No1 Area

  • 1947: 361,052 tons, 998 men
  • 1948: 397,416 tons, 1,152 men
  • 1949: 406,627 tons, 1,134 men
  • 1950: 718,665 tons, 2,475 men
  • 1951: 828,500 tons, 2,409 men
  • 1952: 924,158 tons, 2,517 men
  • 1953: 950,196 tons, 2,536 men
  • 1954: 1,002,775 tons, 2,547 men
  • 1955: 998,628 tons, 2,631 men
  • 1956: 878,461 tons, 2,661 men
  • 1957: 940,992 tons, 2,716 men
  • 1958: 863,086 tons, max 2,767 men
  • 1959: 833,243 tons, 2,532 men
  • 1960: 769,851 tons, 2,225 men
  • 1961: 728,312 tons, 2,144 men
  • 1962: 805,795 tons, 2,130 men
  • 1963/64: 867,730 tons, 2,104 men
  • 1964/65: 868,793 tons, 2,020 men
  • 1965/66: 882,891 tons, 1,993 men
  • 1966/67: 913,789 tons, 2,015 men
  • North Derbyshire 1967/68: 991,693 tons, 1,900 men
  • 1968/691,006,079 tons, max, 1,759 men
  • 1969/70: 789,182 tons, 1,451 men.
    Ceased production March 1970.

Agents:

  • Fred Chambers (503) Agent 1905-1935
  • H Watson-Smith Agent 1935-1941
  • Eric W Potts (2131) Agent 1941-1946
  • GF Gardner (1333) Agent 1950-
  • George P Thompson (2914) Agent and Sub-Area Manager 1952-

Sub-Area Managers / Group Managers / Production Managers:

  • FT Murphy (4644) Group Manager 1958-1965
  • Len E Fletcher (3059) Group Manager 1966-1970.

Managers for Williamthorpe:

  • Fred Chambers (503) sinking 1901-1905
  • TN Limb (1965) 1905-1908
  • J Searston 1908-1912
  • GE Collis (1995) also for Holmewood 1912-1927
  • EB Flint (519) 1927-1937
  • J Houghton (2639) 1937-1941
  • JS Raynor (3077) 1941-1946
  • A McNeish (1653) 1947-1955
  • IP Findlay (5631) 1956-1958
  • Agent Manager P Julian Griffiths (5676) 1958 (promoted to Group Manager, Production Manager, DCME then CME Western Area 1971, Deputy Director Western Area later Director South Nottinghamshire)
  • G Clayton....temporary 1958
  • Peter I Allsop (5283) (transferred from Langwith, promoted to Group Manager No8 Castleford Area -1962, Area Production Manager 1967, DCME (Mining Services) 1971, CME 1979 North Yorks Area)
  • Albert Wheeler (7349) Colliery General Manager Williamthorpe/ Grassmoor 1968-1969 (transferred from Westthorpe, promoted to Production Manager, North Derbyshire later Deputy Director, Director in Scotland and Nottinghamshire Areas and eventually Deputy Chairman of British Coal)
  • B George Stepney (5360) Agent Manager 1969 (for Williamthorpe/Grassmoor, transferred from Glapwell No3).

Deputy Managers:

  • Richard Smith (8190) 1964-66
  • Albert Wheeler (7349) 1966 (previously Undermanager Prestonlinks 1964, Deputy Manager Lady Victoria colliery Scotland, 1965-1966 promoted to Manager High Moor 1968)
  • John T Nicholson (8665) 1968-1970 (promoted to Manager Pleasley).

Assistant Managers:

  • John H White (8350) 1969-70 (promoted from Swanwick, promoted to Manager Glapwell).

Undermanagers for Williamthorpe:

  • A Lomas (2nd) also for Holmewood No3 1905-1909
  • M Cassidy (2nd) 1909-1912
  • C Davis (2nd) 1912-1913
  • J Stewart (2nd) 1912-1930
  • R Drabble (2nd) 1913-1936
  • S Needham ?
  • J Hartshorn (2nd) 1930-1931
  • AE Littlewood (2nd) 1931-1940
  • H Smith (882) 1936-1940
  • FTP Dickens (3219) 1940
  • JG Tebbs (2nd) 1940-1945
  • W Renshaw (2nd) 1943-1946
  • John Hanson (4357) 1947-1950
  • WH Lowe (3383) 1950-
  • Walter Lavin (6548) 1950 and 1953-1955 (promoted then left to run Heath drift mine (Dominics, his father’s mine)
  • Len E Fletcher (3059) 1953-
  • Frank Rimmer (3649) 1956- (promoted to Manager Arkwright)
  • Des Stringer (5143) 1956- (later Manager Glapwell and Production Manager and DCME)
  • Denis Brain (6055) 1958-
  • Arnold Vardy (7891) 1964- (later Manager Warsop)
  • Richard Smith (8190) 1964- (promoted to Deputy Manager)
  • Terry J Charlesworth (7857)
  • IH Searson (2nd)
  • C Baxby (7375) 1969-1970
  • Frank A Fletcher (9085) 1969-1970
  • Peter Slater (9185) 1969-1970.

Surveyors included: ...

  • Arthur Frank Webb (1243) 1950-1970.

Fatal Accidents Williamthorpe:

  • William Holland (33) fell from a derrick pole on the surface 18/11/1904, died 23/11/1904
  • William Dudley (33) fall of roof 11/10/1906
  • Thomas Austin Murfin (29) 28/1/1910
  • William Baker (14) crushed by tubs 22/9/1910, died 24/9/1910
  • Charles E Sanderson (18) crushed by tubs 15/9/1911
  • Robert John Broomhead (41) fall of roof 2/2/1914
  • William Taylor (36) crushed by tubs 31/10/1914
  • John Nuthall (62) fall of roof ?/3/1916, died from tetanus 30/3/1916
  • George Wharmby (56) fall of roof 20/9/1916, died 2/12/1916
  • George Smith (34) run over by tubs 19/7/1917
  • Henry Buckley (38) fall of roof 11/1/1919
  • Ernest Barratt (14) crushed by tubs 11/7/1919
  • Christopher Massey (25) and Albert Pollard (32) fall of roof 20/9/1919
  • William Lander (42) fall of roof 4/12/1919
  • Sydney Barlow (14) run over by tubs 11/12/1919
  • Alfred Kirk (54) crushed by tubs 22/3/1920
  • John Ford (31) fall of roof 13/7/1922
  • George Brown (61) fall of roof 18/12/1922
  • James Herbert Butcher (16) crushed by tubs 17/7/1923
  • Norman Marsden (57) fall of roof 2/5/1924
  • Edward Wyan (48) fall of roof 3/5/1925
  • William Varley (28) fall of roof 25/8/1925
  • John Henry Jones (53) caught in machinery 15/12/1925
  • Abel Henstock (51) injured in overwind of cage 2/12/1926, died 11/12/1926
  • Walter Palmer Hardy (29) fall of roof 13/9/1927
  • Joshua Jones (43) fall of roof 26/10/1927
  • George Howdle (19) fall of roof 19/5/1928
  • Patrick Joseph Fox (23) run over by tubs 3/4/1929
  • Ernest Beardsley (17) fall of roof 2/10/1929
  • William Sellars (59) fall of roof 23/10/1923
  • John Terry (33) hand injury 6/11/1929, died from toxaemia 15/11/1929
  • explosion of firedamp 19/9/1930 when Frederick Siddall (36) and George Davis (49) both died 20/9/1930 and James Taylor (53) and Emanuel Holmes (41) both died 21/9/1930
  • Fred Bourne (41), William Morley (39) and Arthur Kotarski (38) killed when a boiler exploded on the surface 13/3/1931 and Thomas James (42) died the following day 14/3/1930 In Memory
  • Harry Limb (37) fall of roof 9/4/1933
  • Joseph Jones (39) fall of roof 1/11/1933
  • Charles Henry Cooper (59) fall of roof 22/12/1934
  • James Leonard Harris (25) head injury 28/1/1936, died from toxaemia 12/2/1936
  • Frank Hardwick (49) fall of coal 10/11/1931, died 4/2/1938
  • Ernest Mosely (45) fall of roof 5/7/1938
  • Richard J Birkmisher (29) crushed by tubs 5/1/1940
  • John Robert Knight (23) caught in machinery 12/4/1940
  • Theodore Fell (17) crushed by tubs 16/9/1940, died 24/9/1940
  • Thomas Bower (58) fall of roof 18/2/1941
  • Harold Shepherd (34) fall of roof 5/4/1941
  • Dennis Leivesley (15) crushed by tubs 7/3/1942
  • Sydney Bramley (54) fall of roof 19/8/1944 In Memory
  • Robert Limb (45) fall of roof 14/2/1945
  • Joseph Keith Barnes (18) run over by tubs 18/9/1945 In Memory
  • William Henton (58) fall of roof 29/3/1946
  • Thomas Brown (42) fall of roof 12/7/1946
  • Hiram Roughton (47) fall of roof 11/2/1947
  • George Henry Spencer (40) fall of roof, fractured his spine 1936, died 17/2/1947
  • Eli Weaver (62) injured leg 3/9/1949, died 7/10/1949
  • Charles Stevens (52) fall of roof 13/3/1955
  • Jesse Walters (40) run over by wagons on the surface 8/12/1958
  • Charles Wilfred Bourne (41) crushed by tubs on the surface 14/9/1960
  • Harry Foster (60) strained himself lifting heavy objects 12/2/1962
  • Paul Finney (19) overcome by blackdamp 25/10/1963
  • Charles Smales (38) shotfiring accident 24/9/1968.

More Problems At Bevercotes

It was hoped that Bevercotes (Nottinghamshire) would be back in production again in 6 months time after being out of action for 2 years.  Unfortunately the pit struck geological problems soon after opening as well as shaft problems. A further problem was that a further 400 miners would be needed to boost the workforce to 1,000 in order to get the pit producing coal once more. However most of the men transferred to other local collieries, mainly Bilsthorpe, Ollerton and Thoresby (Nottinghamshire) due to the closure, were settled in and would not transfer back.


Williamthorpe is still used as a mine water pumping station - Photo Gallery - Malc Bowler

 

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