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The Decline Of The Industry Continued
After Nationalisation 1947

Chimneys
1967
1969
1971

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1969 - Page 3


Blackwell A Winning Colliery (North Derbyshire) Was Closed After 97 Years

Blackwell 2In March 1969, Blackwell A Winning colliery (North Derbyshire) sunk in 1872 by the Blackwell Colliery Co to the north of South Normanton and to the east of Westhouses was closed after 97 years.

The shafts at 310 yards (282m) deep to below Blackshale were 14 feet (4.27m) diameter.

  • Deep Hard at 179 yards (164m)
  • Low Main at 237 yards (217m)
  • Blackshale at 292 yards (267m)

Shaft section:

  • Waterloo marker at 9 yards (8.23m)
  • Barcelona coal 1’ 2” (0.35m)
  • Black bats 2’ 3” (0.68m)
  • 2nd Waterloo 3’ 9” (1.14m) dirt 1’ 5” (0.43m) coal 2’ 3” (0.69m) at 23 yards (21m)
  • Cannel 6” (0.15m) or 3rd Waterloo, coal 6” (0.15m) at 45 yards (41.1m)
  • 1st Ell 1’ 6” (0.46m) at 58 yards (53m)
  • 2nd Ell coal 2’ 6” (0.76m) at 77 yards (70.4m)
  • Joan or Tankersley Thin 2’ 0” (0.61m)
  • Howard coal 11” (0.28m) at 110 yards (100.6m)
  • Flockton Thick, Ell or Brown Rake 2’ 6” (0.76m) at 126 yards (115.3m), coal 4” (0.10m), coal 2” (0.05m) at 135 yards (123.4m)
  • Flockton Thin 1’ 6” (0.46m) at 145 yards (132.5m)
  • Deep Soft 1’ 0” (0.30m) at 153 yards (140m)
  • Deep Hard 4’ 6” (1.37m) at 179 yards (54.55m).

Self acting doors at UC shaft.

Guibal fan 45 feet (13.7m) dia.

Main and Tail haulage operated underground in early days, and ponies, later endless rope haulage.

Winding cylinders 36” (0.91m) dia x 6’ 5½” (1.84m) flat drums 18’ 6” (5.63m) dia, double deck cages.

Silkstone No1 shaft position 43/4357/608747,

No2 shaft E43/4357/631748.

Self-acting doors at UC surface level.

No1 shaft had 2 double deck cages each holding one 2 ton mine car winding on 2 shifts from Blackshale level with consecutive decking at the surface.

No2 shaft similarly equipped with rope guides had two cages with double decks that held 2 tubs per deck.

Consecutive decking was done at Low Main inset at 241 yards (220m) and at the Blackshale inset at 297 yards (271.5m) to carry men and materials to each seam.

This would become a major pumping pit after closure pumping some 650 gallons per minute and would continue to pump to protect Bentinck which could result in a possible inrush there should the pumps be switched off.

Water was collected from Alfreton / Swanwick area and would flow through B Winning, New Hucknall and Kirkby to Langton.

Occasionally pumping would continue into the 21st Century to relieve pressure.

There were 72 beehive ovens 11’ 6” (3.5m) dia, coke being made from Low Main slack.

The Blackwell Colliery Co built rows of miners’ houses at Blackwell and Primrose Hill.

Blackwell Colliery Hotel occupied a prominent position. They also built a school, hospital, Institute with billiards and reading rooms, Boys’ Brigade Hall, gym, games room, baths etc and Methodist Chapel for the workforce.

Primrose Hill miners’ row was demolished 1947.

The colliery was taken over by NH and B Collieries Ltd in 1945.

A father Thomas Hill and 7 sons named Elijah, John, William, Merrick, Benjamin, Thomas and Edward all worked at A Winning.

Men from here were transferred to Shirebrook where the manpower increased to 1,560.

It was kept open as a pumping pit.

An old adit and sough and up to 25 shallow shafts lay adjacent to the mine.

In 1875 the Blackshale or Silkstone coal was the property of Mrs HB Whitworth.

Underground locos: 2’ 0” gauge 2 x 4wBef GB10s 1958.

Seams worked:

  • Deep Hard 1898c-1940, 1/6/1946
  • Tupton or Low Main at 237 yds (216.7m) -1958
  • Silkstone or Blackshale at 292 yds (267m) Sep 1881Mar 1969, part, formerly Alfreton and Threequarter -1964
  • Yard -28/3/1969 (uneconomic).

Some men were transferred to Shirebrook.

Highest output was 578,059 tons in 1957.

Highest manpower was 1,342 in 1952 when 519,304 tons was turned.

Manpower: Blackwell Colliery Co: from

  • 1894: No1: 425 Tupton, 89 s/f, No2: 409 Deep Hard, 106 s/f
  • 1895: 390 T, 95 s/f, 430 DH, 107 s/f
  • 1896: 370 T, 97 s/f, 451 DH, 99 s/f
  • 1897: 368 T, 93 s/f, 454 DH, 110 s/f
  • 1898: 421 T, 79 s/f, 521 DH, 122 s/f
  • 1899: 365 T, 50 s/f, 380 DH, 66 s/f
  • 1900: 354 T, 40 s/f, 363 DH, 142 s/f
  • 1901: 330 T, 39 s/f, 410 DH, 161 s/f
  • 1902: 339 T, 57 s/f, 449 DH, 134 s/f
  • 1903: 308 T, 123 s/f, 450 DH, 57 s/f
  • 1904: 456 T, 145 s/f, 231 DH, 76 s/f
  • 1905: 314 T, 60 s/f, 461 DH, 141 s/f
  • 1906: 381 T, 48 s/f, 451 DH, 126 s/f
  • 1907: 411 T, 56 s/f, 451 DH, 147 s/f
  • 1908: 473 T, 60 s/f, 471 DH, 140 s/f
  • 1909: 431 T, 475 DH, 214 s/f
  • 1910: 440 T, 470 DH, 220 s/f
  • 1911: 444 T, 467 DH, 226 s/f
  • 1912: 505 T, 457 DH, 224 s/f
  • 1913: 462 T, 461 DH, 220 s/f
  • 1914: 490 T, 462 DH, 204 s/f
  • 1915: 475 T, 419 DH, 225 s/f
  • 1916: 487 T, 430 DH, 215 s/f
  • 1917: 520 T, 418 DH, 226 s/f
  • 1918: 513 T, 428 DH, 229 s/f
  • 1919: 568 T, 511 DH, 257 s/f
  • 1920: 602 T, 552 DH, 263 s/f
  • 1921: 1,174 T and DH, 234 s/f
  • 1922: 1,141 T and DH, 232 s/f
  • 1923: 1,160 (Tupton) Low Main, Deep Hard, 211 s/f
  • 1924: 1,177 LM, DH, 277 s/f
  • 1925: 1,125 DH, LM, 201 s/f
  • 1926: 1,054 DH, LM, 224 s/f
  • 1927: 1,069 DH, LM, 267 s/f
  • 1928: 1,092 DH, LM, 260 s/f
  • 1929: 1,100 DH, LM, 265 s/f
  • 1930: 1,107 DH, LM, Yard, 267 s/f
  • 1931: 1,063 DH, LM, Y, Blackshale, 264 s/f
  • 1932: 975 DH, LM, BS, Y, 274 s/f
  • 1933: 937 DH, LM, BS, 240 s/f
  • 1934: 943 DH, LM, BS, 243 s/f
  • 1935: 892 DH, LM, BS, 247 s/f
  • 1936: 852 DH, LM, BS, 247 s/f
  • 1937: 811 DH, LM, BS, 262 s/f
  • 1938: 838 DH, LM, BS, 275 s/f
  • 1939: 820 DH, LM, BS, 290 s/f
  • 1940: 805 DH, LM, BS, Three Quarter, 305 s/f
  • 1941: 824 321 DH, LM, BS, ¾s, s/f
  • 1942: 829 LM, BS, ¾s, 339 s/f
  • 1943: 834 LM, Silkstone (Blackshale), ¾s, 324 s/f
  • NH and B Collieries Ltd: 1944: 795 LM, S, ¾ , 331 s/f
  • 1945: 869 LM, S, ¾ , 322 s/f
  • 1946: app 1,170 men and boys.

Output and Manpower NCB: No4 Area

  • 1947: 407,200 tons, 1,155 men
  • 1948: 430,689 tons, 1,201 men
  • 1949: 441,366 tons, 1,208 men
  • 1950: 483,347 tons, 1,235 men
  • 1951: 500,538 tons, 1,296 men
  • 1952: 519,304 tons, 1,342 men max
  • 1953: 499,349 tons, 1,304 men
  • 1954: 513,969 tons, 1,273 men
  • 1955: 449,908 tons, 1,254 men
  • 1956: 542,116 tons, 1,207 men
  • 1957: 578,059 tons max, 1,223 men
  • 1958: 545,338 tons, 1,228 men
  • 1959: 538,857 tons, 1,222 men
  • 1960: 505,449 tons, 1,163 men
  • 1961: 529,835 tons, 1,120 men
  • 1962: 534,682 tons, 1,145 men
  • 1963/64: 537,244 tons, 1,156 men
  • 1964/65: 467,102 tons, 1,038 men
  • 1965/66: 469,234 tons, 1,037 men
  • 1966/67: 446,852 tons, 1,033 men
  • North Derbyshire 1967/68: 511,019 tons, 973 men
  • 1968/69: 443,295 tons, 617 men.
    Production ceased March 1969.

Agents:

  • J Alfred Longden (16 service cert) 1871-1889
  • Maurice Deacon (854) Agent 1889-1896
  • John T Todd Agent 1896-1925
  • Chas R Ellis Agent 1925-1942
  • Henry Westmoreland (2062) Agent 1942-1946
  • Jack L Merry (542) Agent 1947-1950.

Sub-Area Managers / Group Managers:

  • Jack L Merry (542) Sub-Area Manager 1950-, Tommy R Jameson (2621) Group Manager -1957
  • Jack W Smalley (3722) Group Manager 1958-

Managers for Blackwell A Winning: also for Blackwell B Winning for many years

  • J Alfred Longden (16 s) Manager and Agent 1871-1889
  • Maurice Deacon (854c) Manager 1889-1892
  • William Elliott (399) 1892-1897
  • JW Cutts (496) 1898-1913
  • Norman D Todd (3058) 1913- (transferred from Shirland, promoted to Agent, transferred to Agent Stanton Ironworks Co, later No2 Area General Manager)
  • TH Elliott (3056) 1917-1922
  • GAB Millar (87) 1923-1932
  • Sam M Merry (1923) 1932-1936 (transferred to Sutton, later Annesley)
  • Henry Westmoreland (2062) 1936-1942 (promoted to Agent)
  • Tommy R Jameson (2621) 1942-1952 (also for South Normanton 1951-1952, transferred to Bentinck)
  • Horace Wenman (3254) 1952-1963 (transferred from Brookhill, transferred to New Hucknall)
  • Bernard Gascoyne (6286) 1963, transferred to No4 Area Mechanisation Engineer
  • Eric G Sellars (3000) 1964-1968 (transferred from Alfreton)
  • Ben H Beevers (5551) 1969 for closed colliery (ex Pleasley).

Assistant Manager:

  • A Russell Keddie (5610) 1963-1965 (promoted to Manager New Hucknall).

Undermanagers for Blackwell A Winning:

  • William Elliott (594 service) pre 1887-1892 (promoted to Manager)
  • W Bentley (2nd) No1 1893-1898
  • Thomas Machin No2 1893-1894
  • Eli Guest (2nd) No2 1894-1897
  • F Elliott (2nd) No2 1897-1899
  • Enock Jones (2nd) No1 1898-1921
  • C Wilders (2nd) No2 1900-1921
  • Jack L Merry (542) for Nos1 and No2 1921-1923 (promoted to Manager Shirland)
  • GB Ball (2nd) 1923-1928
  • William Newton (2nd) 1928-1930
  • TH Foulkes (2nd) 1930-1937
  • ET Bloor (2nd) 1930-1941
  • Tommy R Jameson (2621) 1937-1942 (promoted to Manager)
  • L Halley (2749 – 2nd) 1941-
  • Len Upton (3592 –2nd) 1942-1965
  • Charlie Hart (2nd) 1956-1957 (transferred to Kirkby)
  • E Cliff Glover (7381 – 2nd) 1958-1961 (transferred to Shirland)
  • W Robson (5536) 1963-1966
  • WE Evans (8611) 1966-1969
  • E Cliff Glover (7381 – 2nd and 3094 – 1st) 1966-1969 transferred from Blackwell B Winning, promoted to 2nd Deputy Manager Pleasley). Colliery transferred from No4 Area to North Derbyshire Area, with HQ at Bolsover from 1st April 1967.

Surveyors included:

  • JA Sugden 1870s-1880s,…Les Heath 1930s
  • Ralph Shaw (777) Chief Surveyor Blackwell Co 1930s-1946 (transferred to No4 Area HQ for checking deeds etc)
  • George W Clarke (1336) 1947-1949 (transferred to Moorgreen)
  • Andy Quincey (1901) (promoted from New Hucknall 8/12/1952-1969, transferred to Bolsover HQ, on tip surveys -1971).

On 5th July 1947 a magnetic bearing between Blackwell A Winning UC shaft centre and Blackwell B Winning DC shaft centre gave a reading of 101º38’30” which equated to a NMG bearing of 90˚40’46”. The underground workings were plotted to the magnetic meridian originally on the old large roll plans, that covered the full working area of the mine as at most pits, then to the National Grid when new plans were constructed on modern ‘flat sheets’, where as many as 20 of these would cover the same area, these being 2km x 1km, plotted to 1/2500.

Fatal Accidents for Blackwell A and B Winnings:

  • Henry Martin (18) 17/8/1882
  • Reuben Booth (35) 31/8/1883
  • - Topliss (?) 20/12/1883
  • John Priest (?) 28/1/1886
  • Joseph Longden (40) 20/10/1886
  • Thomas Garner (48) 23/5/1889
  • Enoch Gascoyne (?) ?/6/1889
  • GeorgeJackson (?) 12/9/1889
  • Walter Lawrence (?) 3/10/1889
  • Matthew Gascoigne (?) 6/10/1889
  • Reuben Ellis (30) 30/7/1891
  • John Mee (?) 9/6/1892
  • John Gibson (16) 11/11/1895
  • An explosion killed the following: James Fryer, John Gibson, John Jones, William Martin, James Mee, Joseph Renshaw and James Shaw on 12/11/1895
  • John Vardy (21) 20/4/1896
  • ? Robert (?) 21/4/1896
  • Theodore Wilkinson (61) 25/11/1897
  • ? Lee (16) 5/7/1900
  • John Leigh (12) 13/7/1900
  • Isaac Blount (22) 26/7/1900
  • Frank Dexter (45) 23/4/1901
  • William Guylor (53) 30/7/1903
  • John William Walker (30) 19/11/1903
  • Raymond Alvey (14) 7/9/1905
  • Henry Bonsall (37) 30/1/1907
  • Mathew Westwood (45) 23/4/1907
  • John Thomas Burton (20) 23/5/1907
  • John Price (26) 9/7/1908
  • William Henry Pickering (24) 22/2/1909
  • Mathew Ernest Pepper (15) 11/9/1911
  • Charles Ralph (63) 3/1/1913
  • William Dinnicliffe (53) 21/2/1913
  • Henry Kerry (60) 2/3/1913
  • John Harrison (32) 19/5/1913
  • Thomas Kiddy (54) 5/7/1913
  • Edward John Lyon (30) 1/10/1915
  • John Henry Alexander (18) 1/2/1916
  • Benjamin Robert Banks (36) 18/5/1917
  • Thomas Haslam (25) 25/10/1917
  • Frederick James Lancaster (?) 24/5/1918
  • William Aked (47) 21/8/1919
  • Abel Daykin (17) 18/3/1920
  • Frank Appleyard (14) 6/11/1920
  • Cage went back down shaft and both Deputies, Harry Wood (47) and Joseph Moore (50) were killed on 12/1/1922
  • Thomas Loftus (46) 16/11/1922
  • Thomas H Armstrong (?) 10/9/1925
  • James Jackson (?) ?/4/1926
  • Ernest Cooper (50) 14/1/1931
  • Sam Green (58) 1/12/1933
  • Arthur Evans (54) suicide, fired a shot in his mouth, 10/1/1935
  • Joseph Stocks (44) 4/5/1938
  • Alfred Gent (38) 6/10/1940
  • James Arthur Woods (58) 12/4/1942
  • Austin Brown (33) 18/7/1946.

Compensation Payments

Compensation payments made by the Company for the widows and family of the men killed in the explosion of 12/11/1895 ranged from £7/10/- (£7.50) down to 2/6 (12.5p). £1 equivalent at 2011 would be approx £58.

 

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