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The Continued Rise Of The Industry
To 1913


1876 - Page 2

Colliery Closures in 1876

  • Alma No4 and Newmarket (Thos Holdsworth) 17 yards (15.5m), Dunsil seam, 29th Mar
  • Alma Cannel, inferior coal 5” (0.13m), dirt 1” (0.025m), cannel coal 1’ 4” (0.40m), abandoned 28 Aug 1876, Drawing pit and UC 5 yards (4.5m), and separate area to South East, Drawing pit 12 yards (11m), Blackshale Oct 1876, Surveyor WF Howard
  • Apperknowle Spring Foundry (Havenhand and Allen), Dronfield, abandoned
  • Apperknowle (proprietors W Gill and Co), Unston, Piper 2’ 7” (0.48m) hard coal, 5” (0.13m) dirt, 1’ 8” (0.50m) soft coal, shaft 16 yards (14.3m) deep, rise of coal 1in9, owner of land RS Ward, 9 Nov 1876
  • Ashgate (S Hoskin), Brampton, Silkstone
  • Axe Edge (Buxton Lime Co), Buxton
  • Babbington (Chas Seely and Co), Kimberley, Top Hard seam
  • Berristow (Swann and Stocks) and level, met old hollows Dec 1873 and Feb 1875, fin Sep 1876
  • Birdfield Phoenix (Ward Bros), Eckington, Horse Gin
  • Birch Vale (Thos Bennett), Hayfield, Yard, 6th Feb and Sitch also
  • Birchwood (Chas Seely and Co), Alfreton, Deep Hard and Deep Soft
  • Birchwood Lane (Chas Seely), Alfreton, Deep Soft
  • Birdfield (Messrs Ellis and Thos Ward), in the estate of Earl Manvers, new coal drift Aug 1876, bord gate dip 1in3, second working finished 31 Jan 1875 from old hollows, 2 drift mouths, 1 wheel, Horse gin, 5’ 10” (1.78m) extraction, coal pillars to basset, also on same plan Phoenix (Thomas Kirkby) near Phoenix Inn
  • Birley (Sheffield Colliery Co, Messrs Jeffock and Dunn), Eckington, Parkgate, top brights 2’ 0” (0.61m), hard band 4” (0.10m), brights 1’ 2” (0.36m), shale 1” (0.02m), bottom softs 1’ 10” (0.56m) met old works, abandoned 23 Dec 1876, nearby was Birley Vale old Engine pit
  • Birley Moor (Mr Bramhall) Beighton, Parkgate, 4’ 11” (1.50m) coal, 2 adits, met old works, one head inbye had fallen in, Surveyors Grace and Archer, abandoned 31 Aug 1876, plan to HMI Thomas Evans 18 May 1878
  • Boythorpe (Boythorpe Colliery Co), Walton, Deep Hard
  • Brampton (RW Jackson), Brampton, Silkstone
  • Bridge House Brampton (John Crookes), Deep Soft, 5 feet thick (1.52m), roof coal 9” (0.23m), bat 2½“ (0.06m), smithy 11½“, main coal 2’ 7” (0.79m) bat 1” (0.025m), clunch 6” (0.15m), open work then 10 yards (9m) shaft 1in20 dip, met old hollows, bad coal near fault, pits 10 yards (9m) deep, fin Dec 1876, Surveyor WP Howard
  • Brockwell (W and H Briddon) Potters or Deep Hard, Drawing shaft 40 yards (36.75m), near to Cutholme colliery 17 yards deep
  • Brushes (John Cropper), Chesterfield, Deep Hard
  • Buckwood, Moira Main seam, 13th Jan 1876
  • Butterley Denby pit (Butterley Co), Denby, coal and ironstone abandoned
  • Calcutta or Swannington 1 (Leicestershire)
  • Calow (Calow Colliery Co Ltd) Blackshale
  • Cathole (Cathole Colliery Co)
  • Cowley New (Richard Bingham) Mickley seam, coal 6” (0.15m), bat ½” (0.01m), coal 1’ 11” (0.59m), drawing pit 26 yards (24m), air pit 14 yards (13m), benk work, worked back from 1874 to Dec 1876
  • Cutthorpe (S Hoskin), Newbold, Silkstone
  • Denby (Butterley Iron and Coal Co), Ripley
  • Dunston (Dunston and Barlow Co) long narrow works stripping old workings (29th Aug to 25th Dec 1873 an area of only 26 poles worked, then up to June 1876 several other small narrow areas worked, Surveyor Richard G Coke ME, original plan made 1868
  • Fallswood (A and WT Badger), Dronfield, Silkstone
  • Fernilee (Wm Proctor), Whaley Bridge
  • Glasshouse (Appleby and Co), Whittington, Silkstone and ironstone
  • Gresley Church, Gresley (Lord Donington), Little coal
  • Grassmoor (Barnes Bros), Hasland, Waterloo seam, hard coal 1’ 4” (0.40m), smiths 7” (0.18m), bat 3” (0.08m), soft 1’ 3” (0.38m), clunch 5” (0.13m), soft coal 1’ 4” (0.40m) total 5’ 2” (1.57m), July 1876
  • Hady (Thos Mason), Chesterfield
  • Heanor Church (Heanor and Marlpool Colliery Co), Heanor, Comb
  • Highfield (Lancaster and Knowles) Chesterfield
  • High Moor (Senior and Worrall), Killamarsh, High Hazles
  • Holme No1 and 2 (John Crooks) Newbold, Chesterfield, No1 18 yards (16.5m) Blackshale Top 1’ 3” (0.38m) dirt 1’ 8” (0.50m) Bottom 1’ 6” (0.46m), abandoned May 1876, open hole work from 1874, 2 other shafts 6 yards (5m) and 7 yards (6m) deep, No2 pit 10 yards (9m) deep, workings met old hollows to south, also Ashgate Thin coal Top 1’ 1” (0.33m) dirt 1’ 6” (0.46m) Best 1’ 9” (0.53m), shafts 17½ yards (16m) and 19 yards (9m) also Air pit, abandoned Dec 1876, Surveyor W.P. Howard of Howard and Gould (1878)
  • Hundall (West Staveley Colliery Co) closed because of slackness of trade
  • Kimberley (Charles Seely and Son) Top Hard, 119 yards (100m) deep. George Fowler Agent and Thomas Evans Inspector of Mines 5th May 1876
  • Kimberley (Charles Seely and Son) Top Hard, 110 yards (100m), old water level reached Lady Day 1869, abandoned May 1876, George Fowler
  • Langley Mill (H Boam), Top Hard
  • Langley Mill (Langley Mill Engineering Co), Top Soft
  • Locoford (Tapton Colliery Coke and Iron Co Ltd) in liquidation, Blackshale, Manager Philemon Hicks
  • Lower House (Lower House Colliery Co), Glossop, Mountain
  • Mosbro Hall (JH Wells) of Eckington Hall, opened 1848, closed 29 Sep 1876, met old works, Surveyor Joseph Archer (date 1879)
  • Newmarket (J Birkenshaw), Clay Cross, Silkstone
  • Newmarket (Cumberland pit) (Alfred Riley, Slough, Bucks), Clay Cross seam (Blackshale), top coal 1’ 8” (0.51m), dirt 5” (0.13m), Tinkers 9” (0.23m), dirt 4” (0.10m), bottoms 1’ 6” (0.46m), total 4’ 8” (1.42m), Adit and Air shaft, met old works, tram road on surface, Manager and Surveyor Edward F Hall
  • Newthorpe (R Evans), Newthorpe, Deep Hard
  • Newthorpe Lodge (R Evans), Newthorpe, Deep Soft
  • Newthorpe Dayhole (R Evans), Newthorpe, Deep Soft
  • Oakerthorpe (RC Strelley) (Trustees of late George Pearson) lease from RC Strelley, Furnace seam 4’ 1” (1.24m), 140 yards (128m), dip 1in7, fin Dec 1876
  • Oakwell (Ilkeston Colliery Co Ltd) 8 shafts – 100 feet (30m) to Furnace coal 1876, 40 yards (36.5m) at another, 1875, dip 1in12 N, Jin pit, Water pit abandoned 1873, all met old hollows, JB Fearn, Manager of Co
  • Ormond (John Beardsley)
  • Overseal (The Overseal Colliery Co Ltd) Main seam, one shaft sunk 1872 to an upper bed about 60 yards (54.75m) deep, the Moira coal not proved, abandoned 27th Jan 1876, Thomas Evans HMI 2 Feb 1876
  • Phoenix (Thos Kirkby), Eckington, dip of coal 1in3, old shaft used, 50 yards (45.75m) deep, Horse gin, met old hollows, Aug 1876
  • Plumbley Old (John Rhodes), Eckington
  • Salter Wood (Geo Dawes) Deep Hard, No1 shaft UC 75 yards (68.6m), No2 DC 81 yards (74m), met old hollows and faults, 4 Apr 1876 (HMI Thomas Evans received plan 8 Feb 1878)
  • Shawmarsh (Thos Bennett), Glossop, Mountain
  • Sheepbridge (Sheepbridge Coal and Iron Co Ltd) Potters coal, Jonathan Piggford
  • Shipley (AM Mundy), Shipley
  • Spaw Croft (Edward Chambers), Tibshelf, (see plan below) near junction of roads to Newton, Alfreton and Morton, 36 yards (33m) deep, abandoned on Lady Day after meeting old hollows. A post or pillar had been left for the bridge and charged for on 29th September 1874. A plan on 2 chains to 1 inch showed that a heading had struck Top Hard from Dunsill workings 2’ 11” (0.89m) thick, in 1874, dip 1in36 North East. John Mellor and Messrs Mellor worked pits adjacent to
  • 1883, at Littlemoor workings struck old unknown gob in 1875
  • Speight Hill (….?)
  • Spring Foundry (Allen and Swift) Apperknowle, Potters coal 4’ 6” (1.37m) coal and dirt, dip 1in15, 2 shafts UC 31 yards (28.3m) and DC 33 yards (30m), abandoned 2nd Feb 1876, Surveyor Grace and Archer
  • Stanton, Main seam
  • Stubley (Messrs Lucas), Dronfield
  • Teversal Collieries (Stanton Iron Works Co), Magnetic meridian 1870, Dunsill pit, 90 yards (82m) to Dunsil and
  • Silver Hill pit 87 yards (80m) to Top Hard closed after 11 years, plan signed by William Clarke Agent and Manager and Thomas Evans Inspector of Mines 25th May 1876, from commencement to 24th June (Midsummer) 1870 4 acres 2 roods 10 poles worked and from then to Feb 1871 3 acres 2 roods 2 perches worked, Surveyor Richard G Coke
  • Tupton (Wingerworth Iron Co) Chesterfield, Wm Swann Cert Manager, Arthur Carrington for the Company, 30 Dec 1876, shafts 70 yards (64m), 68 yards (62m), pillar shafts 63 yards (57.5m) and 80 yards (73m)
  • Underwood (Barber, Walker and Co), Selston, Top Hard
  • West Field (JH Gosling) Hazle 3’ 8” (1.12m)
  • West Hallam (A and W Whitehouse), Ilkeston, Deep Soft, and Hard coal after 29 Sep 1848 by Whitehouse, up to No5 pit Apr 1875, also Pudding Bag pit, Hard coal to basit, shafts 23 yards (21m), 29 yards (26.5m) and 40 yards (36.5m) deep, short of Nutbrook Canal, JW Fearn Surveyor
  • Whitecoates (Samuel Lowe)
  • Whittington (Appleby and Co), Whittington, Silkstone and ironstone
  • Whittington Brushes (N Buchan and Sons), 2 adits, Sheepbridge, section 5’ 6” (1.68m) Deep Hard or Potters, Jos Springthorpe Surveyor, 7th Apr 1876, outcrop in Torr Wood, abandoned 7 Aug 1876, coal worked by James and Hawksley to 1875, Wm B Hague (Alma Colliery 1894)
  • Whaley Bridge (Buxton Lime Firms Co Ltd) inc Winding pit 127 yards (116m) deep, Pumping pit, Balance pit
  • Whittington (Sheepbridge Coal and Iron Co), Whittington, Blackshale and ironstone
  • Willey Lane (Barber, Walker and Co), Underwood, Top Hard
  • Wollaton (Wollaton Colliery Co), Wollaton, Waterloo seam.
    (70 Pits)


At Kimberley (Charles Seely and Son) the Top Hard at 4’ 5” (1.35m) was worked out to the old water level. George Fowler signed the plan Aug 1876 and the Inspector was Thomas Evans.

Pye Bridge (Lady Palmerston) (Nottinghamshire) 1862 start, Messrs Oakes and Co Royalty, Black Rake ironstone finished Lady Day 1876, but abandoned Lady Day 1878, Surveyor Geo H Bond ME, Nottingham.

At Underwood (Barber Walker and Co) the Top Hard at 160 yards 1 foot (146.5m) deep was abandoned 2 Feb 1876. There were 2 sets of stables in this seam. Pit was connected to Willey Lane.

The Ashgate pit (S Hoskin) (Derbyshire) was closed and the whole of the working plant, offices, engine house was set up for auction. A 7hp Davy Bros portable engine, engine bed, drum and gear, 80 yards (73m) of wire rope, 16 wagons, Parsons weighing machine to weigh 4 tons was on offer. In 1869 not long after opening best screened picked coal was sold for 7s 0d (35p) a ton and unscreened coal for 6s 3d (31p).

There was a new sinking to the Kilburn seam some 8 miles North West of Nottingham at Coppice, but it was not a success. The furnaces at Awsworth Iron Co were out of action (blown out), awaiting alterations.


Bretby Colliery (South Derbyshire)

Bretby (South Derbyshire) pithead is shown above.

Bretby Stanhope pit (South Derbyshire) the Woodfield seam at 4’ 10” (1.47m) at 40 yards (37m) deep was abandoned.

Old Shaft In Dangerous Condition

It was noted by Arthur Henry Stokes, Sub Inspector that there was an old colliery shaft in a dangerous condition at Killamarsh Eckington. The owner Mr John S Clarke was fined £1 plus costs by Thomas Evans the District Mines Inspector. This action was following the requirement from April 1876 that unused shafts were to be fenced.

Calculation Of Air

Calculation of Air – multiply the indicated height of the barometer in inches by 1.3253 and divide the quotient by the constant number 459 plus the temperature and that would be equal to the weight of a cubic foot of air in a shaft. Example: depth of shaft 300 feet, area 40 sq ft, average temperature Downcast shaft 40ºF, Upcast shaft 90ºF.
Then 1.3253 x 29 = 38.4337 / (459 + 40) = 0.077 lb weight of a cubic foot of air in the Downcast shaft.

Newstead Fan And Village

At Newstead (Nottinghamshire) a Guibal ventilation fan 36 feet dia x 12 feet wide (10.97m x 3.65m) was installed in 1876.

A new mining village had been created especially for the new workforce and their families adjacent to Newstead colliery to attract them to the new sinking, however at that time apart from the neighbouring mining village of Annesley they were cut off from any town, the nearest being Kirkby some 3 miles away.

Anti-Unionist Director

William Gleadlow anti-unionist Director for Bagworth Coal Co Ltd adopted a stance against the unionists and Bagworth mine was closed for a long period.

Heather Colliery Co Formed

In Oct 1876 Heather Colliery Co (pronounced Heether) was formed by Baker to work the Spire and Nether Lount seams but it was a difficult area to work due to old workings.

Boythorpe Plan

A plan updated by Coke and Mills in Jan 1877 for Mrs Hall for Boythorpe Blackshale abandonment (a chargeable wayleave had been in existence since Dec 1876). The original plan was prepared by William Deakin Wadsworth Surveyor in 1869 at the commencement of the lease.


For the year 1876 the output was:-
7,025,350 tons from 261 Derbyshire pits
3,415,100 tons from 48 Nottinghamshire pits
1,005,000 tons from 27 Leicestershire pits.

In fact there was overproduction, and in the following year the men would be on a 3 or 4 day week and some large companies closed pits to cut costs. The coal trade slackened off in the Erewash Valley.

Fatal Accidents in 1876

  • Birchwood, George Chamberlain (36), crushed by hoist on surface 26 Jun 1876
  • Birchwood, John Machin (35), fall of roof 26 Aug 1876
  • Birchwood, Joseph Simpson (34), fall of coal 19 Oct 1876
  • Birchwood, Geo Amos (22), fall of coal 27 Oct 1876
  • Campbell, James Wilson (37), fall of coal 4 Jan 1876
  • Campbell, Moses Milward (15), fall in a roadway 9 Nov 1876
  • Clay Cross No7, Thomas Bettison (31), fall of roof 17 Feb 1876
  • Clay Cross No7, Enoch Payton (30), fall of roof 29 Feb 1876
  • Clay Cross No7, Joseph Cross (24) run over by tubs 24 May 1876
  • Clay Cross No5, John Checklin (41), fall of roof 14 Jun 1876
  • Ellistown, Sam Cole (42) and John Arnsby (30), sinkers, fell down shaft 17 Jan 1876
  • Foxley Oaks, Geo Roworth (39), fell down shaft 22 Mar 1876
  • Holbrook, John Chewin (21), stone fell down shaft and struck him 21 Nov 1876
  • Holmewood, Wm Hunt (13), run over by tubs 16 Oct 1876
  • Hornethorpe, John Wethers (30), fall of roof 22 Jan 1876
  • Hundall, Edward Marshall (68), run over by tubs on the surface 4 Jan 1876 Belinda-2
  • Ibstock, Frank Johnson (16), run over by tubs 21 Dec 1876
  • Kilburn, Richard Mellor (66), fell down shaft 12 Mar 1876
  • Kilburn, Thomas West (58), fall of roof 28 Jun 1876
  • Kilburn, Geo Rhodes (50), fall of coal 9 Oct 1876
  • Mapperley, Geo Slater (40), fall of coal 11 May 1876
  • Mapperley, Charles Wooley (23), fall of roof 28 Jun 1876
  • New Deeps, Wm Henson (17), fall of roof 30 Mar 1876
  • Norwood, Joseph Beeston (26), fall of roof 17 Jun 1876
  • Old Hollingwood, Geo Stephenson (14), crushed by tubs 12 Aug 1876
  • Plumbley, Wm Gosling (44), fall of roof 26 Aug 1876
  • Renishaw Park, Joseph Pogmore (19), fall of roof, 11 Jan 1876
  • Renishaw Park, Job Peat (40), fall of coal 19 Oct 1876
  • Renishaw Park, Thomas Jolley (31), fall of roof 29 Nov 1876
  • Reservoir, Thomas Foundling (65), run over by tubs 11 Dec 1876
  • Shipley, Enoch Stephenson (21), fall of coal 22 Jan 1876
  • South Leicestershire, Geo Mitchell (42), fell down shaft 29 May 1876
  • Swanwick, John Wright (59), fall of roof 26 Oct 1876
  • Tapton, David Potter (21), caught in machinery on surface 5 Jan 1876
  • Tibshelf, Thomas Hendry (60), fall in a roadway 12 Jun 1876

Abandonment Plan

Shown is a typical Abandonment plan of the period. This poor example is for Spaw Croft Colliery at Tibshelf, Derbyshire, abandoned on Lady Day (25th March) 1876. Some of the detail is sketchy, however the surface roads and description, the outline of the working in the Top Hard seam, 2 shafts and depths, general dip of seam, the North point, section of seam, is shown, the Scale 2 Chains to 1 Inch (1/1584) and the plan is signed by the owner Edmund Chambers and by the Inspector Thomas Evans who would have taken the plan away after discussion with the Owner or a Surveyor and it would have been deposited at the appropriate office for the region.

Millership Prosecuted

Thomas Millership the Manager of new Ellistown colliery was prosecuted by the Mines Inspector for failing to inform him of a gas explosion on two occasions. He was fined also for failing to provide sufficient ventilation in the mine. It is assumed that Millership was the Manager of Molyneux Colliery (Nottinghamshire)  who absconded in 1869 following an inundation of water that flooded the mine and 4 men and a donkey were drowned.

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Pit Terminology - Glossary
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