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Cumberland Coal Field - Page 3 - Winscales Rescue Station

Patrick Robertson

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Patrick Robertson
1 May 2017
Cumberland Coal Field
 

Notable Dates in Cumbrian Mining History

1837 Workington Colliery Sea broke in killing 36 men and boys together with a number of horses
1860's Jane Pit Workington Sea broke in. 100 men entombed
1907 William Pit, Whitehaven Explosion. 5 killed, 7 injured
1910 Wellington, Whitehaven Explosion. 136 killed
1922 Haig, Whitehaven Explosion. 39 killed
1927 Haig, Whitehaven Explosion. 4 killed
1928 Haig, Whitehaven Explosion. 13 killed
1931 Haig, Whitehaven Explosion 27 killed, 13 injured
1941 William Pit, Whitehaven Explosion. 12 killed, 11 injured
1946 Harrington No. 10 Lowca Explosion. 15 killed, 1 injured
1947 William Pit, Whitehaven Explosion. 104 killed, 3 injured
1957 Risehow, Flimby Explosion. 2 killed, 1 injured

This is only part of the Cumberland Coalfield. We have come to the end of an era in mining history. Let the names that can be recorded be remembered.

The last of the trained part time rescue workers in Cumbria are all Haig men. They are:-

No 1 Team:

  • Ronald Warwick
  • Colin Connor
  • Malcolm O'Neil
  • Malcolm Trevaskis

No 2 Team:

  • Joe McMinn
  • Alan Hirst
  • Richard Lofthouse
  • Thomas Sempie

No 3 Team:

  • William McCracken
  • Peter Townson
  • Philip Colebrook
  • Kenneth Lithgow

Retired:

  • Gordon Robson
  • Andrew Milligan

DMM

Name of Mine
Situation
Under Ground
Above Ground
Minerals and Seams Worked, and Remarks
Birkby & Allbright Drift Dearham Bridge
104
30
Coal: G, H, S. Upper Three Quarters, Allbright, Lower Three Quarters, Lickbank. (Abandoned 3/50).
Chapel Burn Low Row
Coal: H, S. Thirlwall. (Abandoned 3/48).
Clifton Great Clifton
605
193
Coal: C, G, H, S. Little Main, Lickbank.
Ellenbank Birkby
23
7
Coal: H, S. Six Quarters, Upper Three Quarters.
Gillhead Flimby
195
34
Coal: C, G, H. Lickbank, Upper and Lower Three Quarters.
Harrington No. 10 Lowca
607
203
Coal: C, G, H, M, S. Main Band, Little Main, Potash, Six Quarters, Four Feet.
Harrington No. 11 Lowca
93
30
Coal: C, G, H, M, S. Bannock Band, Main Band, Six Quarters, Four Feet.
Risehow Flimby
510
169
Coal: C, G, H, M, S. Gypsy, Rattler Band, Cannel Band, Upper Three Quarters, Allbrighton, Four Feet.
Solway Workington
247
144
Coal: C, G, H, M, S. Ten Quarters, Main Band, Six Quarters.
St. Helens No. 3 Workington
292
119
Coal: C, H, M, S. Metal Band, Cannel Band, Lower Three Quarters.
Walkmill Walkmill
175
77
Coal: C, G, H, S. Main Band, Six Quarters.
Whitehaven, Haig & Wellington Whitehaven
1045
323
Coal: C, G, H, S. Metal Band, Bannock Band, Main Band, Yard Band.

1960 National Coal Board - Cumberland Area

The initial letters attached to the word "Coal" indicate the kind of coal produced, viz:— C. Coking; G. Gas; H. Household; M. Manufacturing; S. Steam.

DMM

Name of Mine
Situation
Under Ground
Above Ground
Minerals and Seams Worked, and Remarks
Clifton Great Clifton, nr. Workington
41
14
. (Ceased coal production February 20 1959).
Haig Whitehaven
1346
309
Coal: C, G, H, M, S. Upper Metal Band, Bannock Band, Main Band.
Harrington No. 10 Lowca, nr. Whitehaven
678
165
Coal: C, G, H, M, S. Main Band, Little Main, Potash, Six Quarters.
Harrington No. 11 Lowca, nr. Whitehaven
72
19
Coal: C, G, S. Six Quarters, Bannock.
Risehow Flimby, nr. Maryport
402
110
Coal: C, G, H, M, S. Broughton Moor Lickbank, Upper Threequarters, Albrighton.
Solway Mossbay, nr. Workington
396
112
Coal: C, G, H, M, S. Ten Quarters, Main Band.
St. Helens No. 3 Siddick, Workington
558
138
Coal: C, G, H, M, S. Metal Band, Lower Threequarters, Four Foot.
Walkmill Moresby, Whitehaven
177
77
Coal: C, G, H, S. Main Band, Six Quarters.

References/ Acknowledgements

  • Cumbrian Directory
  • Durham Mining Museum
  • Go Lakes
  • Haig Mining Museum
  • Ian Winstanley
  • Picks Publishing
  • Scarrows of Cumberland
  • Shropshire Caving & Mining club
  • The Coal Mining History Resource Centre Whitehaven News.

Appendix

  1. Colliery’s - Mines
  2. Trapping - trailing

What is the difference between a Colliery and a Pit? 
Colloquially there is no difference but technically a “pit” is an individual shaft – a colliery is an entire coal mining operation, including all infrastructures from offices to transport and it may include several pit (shafts) or drifts.

Pat Robertson

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