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Calendar
The Decline Of The Industry
And Nationalisation 1947

Bk
Chimney
1929
1930

1929 - Page 2


Southgate Flooded and Closed After 54 Years

On 12th or 17th June 1929 there was an inrush of water at Southgate colliery (Derbyshire) (Shireoaks Colliery Co Ltd) E449263 N375932, from the neighbouring Oxcroft (Oxcroft Colliery Co Ltd) Top Hard seam workings. All the men escaped but 2 ponies were drowned. The Manager and Agent were convicted (25), and fined, because precautionary boreholes were not drilled in advance, knowing that the old workings were there and could contain water. The colliery was flooded and abandoned after 54 years in December 1929, after working Top Hard and High Hazel seams. Two 13 ft (3.96m) dia shafts were sunk in 1875 at a cost of £17,000 to mine 120,000 tons per year. Height above sea level app 430’ 0” (131m).

Permo-Trias water-bearing measures 105’ 9” (32.2m) thick, High Hazles seam 5’ 3” (1.60m) at 670’ 2” (204.2m) and the Top Hard 5’ 4” (1.62m) at 980’ 9” (299m), sump at 1022’ 5” (311.6m). New steam winders made by James Farrer of Barnsley were installed 1887. It was locally known as Clowne Shireoaks. There had been a fire in 1920 followed by an explosion that broke nearby windows.

The Oxcroft workings had been abandoned in 1914 and became waterlogged. Output was 600 tons per day. Some men were set on from Southgate at other local pits and also at the new Ollerton mine (Butterley Co) (where the manpower rose to a maximum ever of 1,838).

At one time oil at the rate of between 70 to 100 gallons a day had seeped into the mine, but that was of nuisance value only and no effort had been made to make use of it. Harold Saul a mining engineer from Yorkshire was consulted by the Coal Mines Act Committee and the Midland Counties Owners Association 15 years later, to write a report on the water situation, and his report was published on 27th November 1945. He described in detail the build up of water and the threat to both Langwith and Creswell collieries.

Manpower:

  • 1894: 318 Top Hard, 82 s/f
  • 1895: 290 TH, 80 s/f
  • 1896: 296 TH, 94 s/f
  • 1897: 350 TH, 105 s/f
  • 1898: 386 TH, 104 s/f
  • 1899: 420 TH, 100 s/f
  • 1900: 430 TH, 110 s/f
  • 1901: 427 TH, 113 s/f
  • 1902: 461 TH, 110 s/f
  • 1903: 512 TH, 114 s/f
  • 1904: 550 TH, 125 s/f
  • 1905: 622 TH, 133 s/f
  • 1906: 636 TH, 148 s/f
  • 1907: 640 TH, 140 s/f
  • 1908: 730 TH, 153 s/f
  • 1909: 817 TH, 170 s/f
  • 1910: 830 TH app, 172 s/f
  • 1911: 844 TH, 174 s/f
  • 1912: 840 TH, 180 s/f
  • 1913: 870 TH, 186 s/f
  • 1914: 921 TH, 199 s/f
  • 1915: 754 TH, 189 s/f
  • 1916: 788 TH, 191 s/f
  • 1917: 771 TH, 190 s/f
  • 1918: 735 TH, 190 s/f
  • 1919: 839 TH, 185 s/f
  • 1920: 833 TH, 198 s/f
  • 1921: 911 TH, 206 s/f
  • 1922: 1,007 TH, 215 s/f
  • 1923: 967 Top Hard (Barnsley) and High Hazel, 190 s/f
  • 1924: 1,022 Barnsley and HH, 195 s/f
  • 1925: 875 TH, HH, 200 s/f
  • 1926: 790 TH, HH, 189 s/f
  • 1927: 904 TH, HH, 203 s/f
  • 1928: 582 TH, HH, 135 s/f
  • 1929: 537 TH, HH, 141 s/f, inrush, colliery abandoned Dec 1929

Managers at Southgate:

  • John Jones (965) pre 1873-1893
  • RE Jones (1927) 1893-1898 and Agent 1898-1910
  • JG Jones (4012) 1910-1911
  • RE Jones (1927) 1911-1917
  • William Poxon (3497) 1917-1929

Undermanagers: All 2nd class certificates:

  • David Ashley pre 1887-1903
  • Joseph Milner 1903-1916
  • Ben Milner 1916-1927
  • Ernest Hughes 1927-1929

 


Ben Milner
Surveyors: …..
  • WE Jackson -1929

Fatal Accidents Southgate
  • John Cook (14) run over by tubs 5 Oct 1881
  • Thomas Hopkins (22) fall of roof 26 Mar 1885
  • John Wood (14) crushed by wagons on surface 20 May 1885
  • Jabez Crooks (39) fall of roof 23 Oct 1885
  • Frederick Russ (34) fall of roof 2 Jun 1886
  • Joseph Gulley (50) fall of roof 22 Feb 1887
  • John Scholfield (29) a missed shot exploded 7 May 1890
  • Thomas Lister (15) fall in a roadway 28 Aug 1890
  • James Renshaw (29) fall of roof 16 Jun 1892
  • John George Marshall (28) ruptured a vein 13 Jan 1896, died 17 Mar 1896
  • William Slater (45) fall of roof 22 Jan 1897
  • Thomas Torr (50) and Herbert Grundy (16) fall in a roadway 5 Mar 1897
  • Bernard Millard (14) caught in machinery on the surface 13 Mar 1906
  • Isaac Dexter (18) fall of roof 12 Feb 1907, died 13 Feb 1907 In Memory
  • Robert Purdy (35) fall of roof 5 Oct 1907, died 13 Feb 1907
  • Edwin Profitt (18) run over by tubs 18 Dec 1908
  • John William Bundy (27) and William Marlow (43) and James Wild (31) all killed in a cage accident 22 Nov 1911
  • George Wilmot (61) fall in a roadway 13 Jul 1912
  • Arnold Glasby (15) injured his wrist on 11 Feb 1912, died 11 Sep 1912
  • George William Bullock (15) run over by tubs 24 Dec 1912
  • Austin Clark Lowde (13) run over by wagons on the surface 30 May 1913
  • George William Lowde (55) fall of roof 10 Sep 1913
  • George Cawthorne (60) fall of roof 21 Nov 1913
  • John William Kirk (15) crushed by tubs 13 Nov 1914
  • James Rawson (34) fall of roof 4 Jun 1915
  • Jabez Salt (49) crushed by the cage 6 Oct 1917
  • John Thomas White (55) and Albert Nouch (26) killed in large fall of roof 13 Oct 1919
  • William Lewis (47) fall of roof - Dec 1920
  • Christopher Wright (64) crushed by wagons on the surface 14 Aug 1928.

Clay Cross Closed After 71 Years

Clay Cross No4 pit (Derbyshire) (Clay Cross Co Ltd) sunk in 1858 was closed and abandoned in November 1929. Position E440380 N365440.
No2
shaft 390 ft (118.9m)
No3 shaft 200 ft (61m)
North Wingfield No4 shaft 606 ft (184.7m)

One of the steam winding engines at Clay Cross colliery is shown.

At Clay Cross pit 16 colliers were forced by the Inspector to recover a pony that had been trapped inbye for several days due to the height of the roadway decreasing. They had to lift the rails and sleepers and dint the gate to give sufficient height for it to pass and return to the underground stables.

Seams worked: Deep Hard, Tupton, Threequarter, and Silkstone.

Manpower: at the Clay Cross pits (Clay Cross Iron and Coal Co)

  • pre 1883: No1 Silkstone, No2 Silkstone, No3 Tupton, North Wingfield No4 S;
  • 1884: No1 S, No2 S, No3 T, No4 Silkstone
  • 1885: No1 S, No2 S, No3 T, NW No4 S
  • 1886: No1 S, No2 S, No3 T, NW No4 S
  • 1887: No1 closed, No2 S, No3 T, NW No4 S
  • 1888: No2 S, No3 T, NW No4 S
  • 1889: No2 S, No3 T, NW No4 S
  • 1890: No2 S, No3 T, NW No4 T
  • 1891: No2 S, No3, S, NW No4 T
  • 1892: No2 T, S, No3 T, NW No4 T
  • 1893: No2 T, S, No3 T, NW No4 T
  • 1894: No2: 239 T, No3 and now No4: 321, Tupton and Silkstone, 233 s/f
  • 1895: No2 321 T, S, No3 242 T, 228 s/f
  • 1896: No2 361 T, 183 s/f, No3 218 S, 27 s/f, No4 220 T, 47s/f
  • 1897: No2 365 T, 204 s/f, No3 10 S, 4 s/f, No4 205 T, 45 s/f
  • 1898: No2 339 T, S, No3 114 T, S, 207 s/f, No4 212 T, 48 s/f
  • 1899: No2 302 T, S, No3 133 T, Deep Hard, 209 s/f, No4 180 T, 45 s/f
  • 1900: No2: 324 /163, No3: 152/18 No4: 195/45 Tupton Deep Hard and Silkstone
  • 1901: No2 306 T, S, 105 s/f, No3 162 Deep Hard, Tupton, 91 s/f, No4 215 T, 54 s/f
  • 1902: No2 312 T, S, 155 s/f, No3 8 DH, T, 1 s/f, No4 167 T, 47 s/f
  • 1903: No2 248 DH, T, 146 s/f, No3 4 DH, T, nil s/f, No4 207 T, 47 s/f
  • 1904: No2 159 DH, T, 138 s/f, No3 4 DH, T, nil s/f, No4 238 T, 50 s/f
  • 1905: No2: 168 DH, T, 221 s/f, No4: 229 DH, T, 48 s/f
  • 1906: No2 168 DH, T, 221 s/f, No3 closed, No4 229 T, 48 s/f
  • 1907: No2 263 T, S, 186 s/f, No4 230 T, S, 45 s/f
  • 1908: No2 326 T, S, 229 s/f, No4 243 T, S, 47 s/f
  • 1909: No2 329 T, S, 221 s/f, No4 288 T, S, 47 s/f
  • 1911: No2: 303 T, S, 41 s/f; No4: 212 T, S, plus ¾, 45 s/f
  • 1912: No2 331 T, S, 103 s/f, No4 217 T, T¾, 44 s/f
  • 1913: No2 310 T, S, 143 s/f, No4 251 T, T ¾, 48 s/f
  • 1914: No2 308 T, S, 144 s/f, No4 228 T3/4 , 49 s/f
  • 1915: No2 290 T, S, 114 s/f, No4 159 T, T 3/4, 48 s/f
  • 1916: No2 315 T, 56 s/f, No4 159 T, T3/4s, 41 s/f
  • 1917: No2 312 T, T3/4 83 s/f, No4 164 T, T3/4s, 45 s/f
  • 1918: No2 310 T, No4 153 T, T¾, Silkstone, 38 s/f
  • 1919: No2 294 T, 77 s/f, No4 221 T, T ¾, 45 s/f
  • 1920: No2 and No4: 476 T and T¾, 89 s/f
  • 1921: No2/No4 436 T, T3/4, 80 s/f
  • 1922: No2/No4 388 T, T 3/4s, 76 s/f
  • 1923: No2/No4 412 T, T ¾, 82 s/f
  • 1924: No2/No4 341 T, T ¾, 79 s/f
  • 1925: No2/No4: 350 T ,T¾, 80 s/f
  • 1926: No2/No4 337 T, T¾, 83 s/f
  • 1927: No2/No4 355 T, T ¾, 83 s/f
  • 1928: No2/No4 347 T, T ¾, 82 s/f
  • 1929: 329 T and T¾, 82 s/f, No4 pit abandoned in November after 71 years. No2 pit continued to 1934

Agents:

  • JP Jackson Managing Partner pre 1883-
  • John Jackson 1887-
  • EL Ford (3984) -1927
  • SC Haigh (80) 1928-1929.

Managers: for No1, No2, No3 pits:

  • TD Croudace pre 1883-1888
  • No1 pit closed 1887
  • WBM Jackson (2374) 1888-1898
  • FA Blackburne (579) 1899-1903
  • George Wharton (420) for No4 (was North Wingfield No4) also from 1904-1906
  • No2, No4 pits (No3 closed) George W Dickinson (255) 1906-1912 then for No2 only
  • George Nicholson (3084) 1913-1915
  • George W Dickinson (255) for No2 and No4 1915-1916 (transferred to Avenue 9/11)
  • George Nicholson (3084) 1916-1917
  • EL Ford (3984) 1917-1919 (transferred to Morton)
  • SC Haigh (80) 1919-1929.

Managers No4 pit:

  • George Wharton (426) -1904 then in charge of No2, No3 and No4
  • George W Dickinson (255) for No4 1912-1915, then for both -1916.

Undermanagers: No2 pit:

  • George Parker (242s) pre 1887-1890
  • William Bloor (1097s, 725c) 1890-1903
  • JT Butler (4106) 1903-1912
  • JH Clarke (2283 / 2) 1913-1919 then for both No2 and No4 1920-1926 (transferred to Park House)
  • Jos Ridgeway (2069 / 2) 1927-1928 (transferred to Park House)
  • JH Clarke (2832) (transferred back from Park House) 1928-1929
  • (No4 abandoned 16 Nov 1929) No2 pit only A Sharman (2847 / 2) 1929-
  • No3 pit: William Dunn (725s) pre 1887-92
  • R Watkinson (643) 1892-1897
  • G Millward (428 / 1) 1897-1905, closed
  • North Wingfield No4 pit: Arthur Heslington (731s) pre 1887-1894
  • No4: Henry Claytor (773) 1894-1902
  • J Swain (2965 / 2) 1902-1919
  • W Butler (9392 / 2) 1915-1917.

 

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