The last of the "Pitman painters", known for his pictures of everyday life, has died at the age of 94.
Norman Cornish Selfportrait
Norman Cornish, of Spennymoor, County Durham, was the last surviving artist of the Pitman's Academy at The Spennymoor Settlement.
Norman Cornish said in 2011 that he still painted every day
The settlement was set up in 1930, giving mining families access to the arts and Mr Cornish was one of its most famous students.
His son-in-law Mike Thornton said he died on Friday.
The settlement became known as the Pitman's Academy because its clubs nurtured the talents of people such as writer Sid Chaplin and artist Tom McGuinness.
Cornish spent 33 years working in mines before forging a career as an artist at 47.
In an interview with the BBC in 2011, he said painting was like an "itch that you have to scratch" and that he still painted every day.
His work included vivid nostalgic pictures of ordinary life including women in headscarves, men in flat caps, fish and chip vans and horse-drawn carts.
Several of Cornish's paintings depict the fish and chip vans of Spennymoor
Other scenes included men playing dominoes in the pub and children skipping in the street. Each painting sold for thousands.
A statement on his website said: "It is with great sadness that we announce the death of celebrated artist Norman Cornish who passed away peacefully on the evening of the 1st of August, aged 94.
"A book of condolence will be available at Northumbria University Gallery from 5 August."
The eldest of nine children, whose father was out of work, Cornish said he had no option but to start working in a mine at the age of 14.
He soon joined the Spennymoor Settlement, a cultural venture that ran art classes and had a library where he could learn about Van Gogh, Toulouse Lautrec and Renoir.
The story of North East miners-turned-artists was turned into a play The Pitmen Painters, by Billy Elliot writer Lee Hall.
Cornish depicted collieries in which he worked
The play focuses on a group of miners in Ashington, Northumberland, who became respected painters after seeking art tuition in the 1930s.
After opening in Newcastle in 2007, The Pitmen Painters has had successful runs at the National Theatre in London and on Broadway.
Ray Spencer, chief executive of the Customs House Trust in South Shields, paid tribute on Twitter and said the world Cornish painted "no longer existed."
Unseen Norman Cornish sketches go on display
26 June 2014 Last updated at 21:19 BST
Previously unseen work by County Durham painter Norman Cornish has gone on display.
Much of it is from sketchbooks uncovered by the former miner's family.
They said discovering the 50-year-old drawings - by an artist on the brink of international acclaim - was "like having a seat in the front row of history".
The work is on show at the Greenfield Gallery in Newton Aycliffe until September.
(Click here to visit BBC Page, including video)
Shafts of Light: Mining Art in the Great Northern Coalfield
The Bowes Museum, County Durham
17 May – 21 September 2014
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Norman Cornish: The last pitman painter - By Ian Youngs - 5 August 2011